The growing interest in the Theory of Mind in adulthood supported the notion that this competence, as opposed to what initially speculated, continues to evolve over a lifetime. This paper explores whether the quality of the performance in mentalistic tasks by young adults may also depend on the structural nature of the tests administered, as well as the degree of involvement of basic cognitive abilities activated by the same tests (memory, executive function, and language complementation). Mentalistic skills in adults were investigated by means of tests inspired by the classical false belief tasks but more contextualized. Results show that in the classical tests second-order recursive reasoning is used more frequently than the third-order. This trend is reversed in more contextualized tasks. These findings were discussed in the light of the concept of "framing".
Keywords: Theory of Mind, undergraduates, framing
Davide Massaro, Alessandro Antonietti, Antonella Marchetti, Federica Giudici, Meta-representative thinking in italian undergraduates in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 2/2016, pp. 131-149, DOI:10.3280/RIP2016-002001