Clicca qui per scaricare

Se io fossi Ben: adolescenti a confronto con una ipotetica gravidanza
Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Autori/Curatori: Maria Giulia Olivari, Andrea Bonanomi, Daniela Traficante, Emanuela Confalonieri 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2016 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  23 P. 63-85 Dimensione file:  251 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2016-002004
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Scopo del presente contributo è quello di esplorare, tramite una simulazione role-playing computerizzata, l’atteggiamento di un campione di adolescenti maschi (N = 125; età media = 16.87) in merito ad una ipotetica gravidanza non pianificata. Tre sono gli obiettivi: (1) descrivere le reazioni emotive e cognitive degli adolescenti e la scelta da loro presa rispetto alla gravidanza; (2) individuare gli atteggiamenti degli adolescenti nei confronti della genitorialità adolescenziale e della relazione con la partner; (3) valutare il ruolo giocato dai seguenti fattori nel predire la scelta di proseguire o meno la gravidanza: (a) atteggiamenti personali nei confronti della genitorialità adolescenziale e della relazione con la partner, (b) attribuzione di importanza agli aspetti positivi e negativi della prosecuzione della gravidanza e dell’interruzione volontaria di gravidanza, (c) percezione dell’atteggiamento genitoriale nei confronti della gravidanza non pianificata. I risultati mettono in luce la presenza di tre atteggiamenti nei confronti della genitorialità adolescenziale e della relazione con la partner: idealizzazione della genitorialità, rifiuto dell’impegno e riflessione sull’evento. L’idealizzazione della genitorialità e il rifiuto dell’impegno, l’attribuzione di importanza agli aspetti positivi e negativi di interrompere la gravidanza, un atteggiamento genitoriale favorevole alla gravidanza e un atteggiamento materno di aperto sostegno giocano un ruolo rilevante nel guidare il processo decisionale rispetto a tale evento.


Keywords: Adolescenti maschi, gravidanza non pianificata, processo decisionale, interruzione di gravidanza; simulazione role-playing computerizzata.

  1. Marsiglio W. (1993). Adolescent males’ orientation toward paternity and contraception. Family Planning Perspectives, 25 (1): 22-31., DOI: 10.2307/213598
  2. Aiello R. and Lancaster S. (2007). Influence of adolescent maternal characteristics on infant development. Infant Mental Health Journal, 28(5): 496-516., DOI: 10.1002/imhj.2015
  3. Alfieri S., Marta E., Lanz M., Pozzi M. and Tagliabue S. (2014). Famiglia delle regole e famiglia degli affetti: quali conseguenze su benessere e disagio nei figli adolescenti? [Family of rules and family of affects. Which are the consequences on the well-being of adolescent off-springs?]. Psicologia della Salute, 2: 61-78., DOI: 10.3280/PDS2014-00200
  4. Ajzen I. (1988). Attitudes, personality and behavior. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
  5. Ajzen I. and Madden T.J. (1986). Prediction of goal directed behavior: Attitudes, intentions and perceived behavioral control. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 22: 453-474.
  6. Beers L.A.S. and Hollo R.E. (2009). Approaching the adolescent-headed family: A review of teen parenting. Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care, 39 (9): 216-233., DOI: 10.1016/j.cppeditors2009.09.00
  7. Bissell M. (2000). Socio-economic outcomes of teen pregnancy and parenthood: a review of the literature. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 9(3): 191-204.
  8. Boggess S. and Bradner C. (2000). Trends in adolescent males’ abortion attitudes, 1988-1995: Differences by race and ethnicity. Family Planning Perspective, 32: 118-123., DOI: 10.2307/264816
  9. Bonell C. (2004). Why is teenage pregnancy conceptualized as a social problem? A review of quantitative research from the USA and UK. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 6 (3): 255-272., DOI: 10.1080/1369105031000164302
  10. Broen A., Moun T., Bödtker A.S. and Ekeberg O. (2005). Reasons for induced abortion and their relation to women’s emotional distress: A prospective, two-year follow-up study. General Hospital Psychiatry, 27: 36-43., DOI: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2004.09.00
  11. Bunting, L. and McAuley, C. (2004). Research Review: Teenage pregnancy and parenthood: the role of fathers. Child and Family Social Work, 9: 295-303., DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2206.2004.00335.
  12. Ciairano S., Bonino S., Kliewer W., Miceli R. and Jackson S. (2006). Dating, sexual activity, and well-being in Italian adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35 (2): 275-282., DOI: 10.1207/s15374424jccp3502_1
  13. Coleman P.K. (2006). Resolution of unwanted pregnancy during adolescence through abortion versus childbirth: Individual and family predictors and psychological consequences. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35 (6): 903-911., DOI: 10.1007/s10964-006-9094-
  14. Coleman P.K. and Nelson E.S. (1999). Abortion attitudes as determinants of perceptions regarding male involvement in abortion decisions. Journal of American College Health, 47 (4): 164-171.
  15. Condon J.T., Corkindale C.J., Russell A. and Quinlivan, J.A. (2006). Processes and factors underlying adolescent males’ attitudes and decision-making in relation to an unplanned pregnancy. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35 (3): 423-434., DOI: 10.1007/s10964-005-9025-
  16. Coyne C.A. and D’Onofrio B.M. (2012). Some (but not much) progress toward understanding teenage childbearing: A review of research from the past decade. Advances in Child Development and Behavior, 42: 113-152.
  17. Dallas C. (2004). Family matters: How mothers of adolescent parents experience adolescent pregnancy and parenting. Public Health Nursing, 21 (4), 347-353., DOI: 10.1111/j.0737-1209.2004.21408.
  18. Esposito C.L. and Basow S.A. (1995). College Students’ Attitudes Toward Abortion: The Role of Knowledge and Demographic Variables. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 25 (22): 1996-2017., DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1995.tb01828.
  19. Fida R., Tramontano C., Paciello M., Cara V. e Barbaranelli C. (2013). La prevenzione dell’HIV: una questione “di genere”? Uno studio preliminare sulle determinanti psicosociali dell’uso del preservativo in un campione di studenti universitari [HIV Prevention: is it a matter of “gender”? A preliminary study on psychosocial determinants of condom use in a sample of college students]. Psicologia della Salute, 2: 137-158., DOI: 10.3280/PDS2013-00200
  20. Furman W. and Collibee C. (2014). A matter of timing: Developmental theories of romantic involvement and psychosocial adjustment. Development and Psychopathology, 26: 1149-1160., DOI: 10.1017/S095457941400018
  21. Goldberg J.H., Halpern-Felsher B.L. and Millstein S.G. (2002). Beyond invulnerability: The importance of benefits in adolescents’ decision to drink alcohol. Health Psychology, 21: 477-484., DOI: 10.1037//0278-6133.21.5.47
  22. Graham H. and McDermott E. (2006). Qualitative research and the evidence base of policy: insights from studies of teenage mothers in the UK. Journal of Social Policy, 35(1): 21-37., DOI: 10.1017/S004727940500936
  23. Havighurst R.J. (1953). Human development and education. New York: Longman.
  24. Henshaw S.K. and Silverman J. (1988). The characteristics and prior contraceptive use of U.S. abortion patients. Family Planning Perspectives, 20: 158-168., DOI: 10.2307/213579
  25. Hooke A., Capewell S. and Whyte M. (2000). Gender differences in Ayrshire teenagers’ attitudes to sexual relationships, responsibility and unintended pregnancies. Journal of Adolescence, 23: 477-486., DOI: 10.1006/jado.2000.033
  26. Jones R.K. (2006). Male involvement in the abortion decision and college students’ attitudes on the subject. The Social Science Journal, 43 (4): 689-694., DOI: 10.1016/j.soscij.2006.08.02
  27. Jones M.C. and Furman W. (2011). Representations of romantic relationships, romantic experience, and sexual behavior in adolescence. Personal Relationships, 18 (1): 144-164., DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-6811.2010.01291.
  28. Kaiser H. (1974). An index of factorial simplicity. Psychometrika, 39 (1): 31-36.
  29. Knight A., Chase E. and Aggleton P. (2006), ‘Someone of your own to Love’: Experiences of being looked after as influences on teenage pregnancy. Children and Society, 20: 391-403., DOI: 10.1111/j.1099-0860.2006.00014.
  30. Ku L., Sonenstein F.L., Lindberg L.D., Bradner C.H., Boggess S. and Pleck J.H. (1998). Understanding changes in sexual activity among young metropolitan men: 1979-1995. Family Planning Perspectives, 30 (6): 256-262., DOI: 10.2307/299150
  31. Laghi F., Baumgartner E., Riccio G., Bohr G. and Dhayanandhan B. (2013). The role of romantic involvement and social support in Italian adolescent mothers’ live. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22 (8): 1-8., DOI: 10.1007/s10826-012-9669-
  32. Lazarus R.S. and Folkman S. (1984). Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer.
  33. Lohan M., Cruise S., O’Halloran P., Alderdice F. and Hyde A. (2010). Adolescent men’s attitudes in relation to pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes: a systematic review of the literature from 1980-2009. Journal of Adolescent Health, 47 (4): 327-345., DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.05.00
  34. Lohan M., Cruise S., O’Halloran P., Alderdice F. and Hyde A. (2011). Adolescent men’s attitudes and decision-making in relation to an unplanned pregnancy. Responses to an interactive video drama. Social Science & Medicine, 72 (9): 1507-1514., DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.02.04
  35. Lohan M., Olivari M.G., Corkindale C., Milani L., Confalonieri E., Cruise S. et al. (2013). Adolescent men’s pregnancy resolution choices in relation to an unintended pregnancy: A comparative analysis of adolescent men in three countries. Journal of Family Issues, 34 (8): 1037-1058., DOI: 10.1177/0192513X1348428
  36. Marsiglio W. (1988a). Commitment to social fatherhood: Predicting adolescent males’ intentions to live with their child and partner. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50: 427-441., DOI: 10.2307/35200
  37. Marsiglio W. (1998b). Procreative man. New York, NY: New York University Press.
  38. Marsiglio W. (1989). Adolescent males’ pregnancy resolution preferences and family formation intentions: does family background make a difference for blacks and whites? Journal of Adolescent Research, 4: 214-237., DOI: 10.1177/07435548894200
  39. Marsiglio W. and Menaghan E.G. (1990). Pregnancy resolution and family formation. Understanding gender differences in adolescents’ preferences and beliefs. Journal of Family Issues, 11: 313-333., DOI: 10.1177/01925139001100300
  40. Michel V., Olivari M.G., Curti S. e Confalonieri E. (2014). Una nuova proposta per l’educazione alla sessualità. “Se io fossi Ben”: uno strumento in preadolescenza [A new proposal for sexual education. “If I were Ben”: an instrument for preadolescents]. Scuola e Didattica, 6: 110-111.
  41. Nelson E.S., Coleman P.K. and Swager M.J. (1997). Attitudes toward the level of men’s involvement in abortion decisions. The Journal of Humanistic Education and Development, 35 (4): 217-224.
  42. Oberlander S.E., Black M.M. and Starr R.H. Jr. (2007). African American adolescent mothers and grandmothers: A multigenerational approach to parenting. American Journal of Community Psychology, 39: 37-46., DOI: 10.1007/s10464-007-9087-
  43. Olivari M.G., Confalonieri E. and Ionio C. (2011). Italian psychologists’ and midwives’ perceptions of the pregnant teen: a qualitative study. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 29 (4): 343-353., DOI: 10.1080/02646838.2011.63118
  44. Olivari M.G., Ionio C., Bonanomi A. and Confalonieri E. (2015). Female Adolescent Attitudes and Decision-Making Towards a Hypothetical Unplanned Pregnancy: An Exploratory Research. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24 (10): 2934-2943., DOI: 10.1007/s10826-014-0097-
  45. Petrillo G. e Caso D. (2008). Promuovere la salute nei contesti educativi [Promoting health in educational contexts]. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  46. Quinlivan J.A., Luehr B. and Evans S.F. (2004). Teenage mothers predictions of the support levels before and actual support levels after having a child. Journal of Paediatric and Adolescent Gynaecology, 17: 273-278., DOI: 10.1016/j.jpag.2004.05.00
  47. Riva Crugnola C., Ierardi E., Gazzotti S. e Albizzati A. (2014). Motherhood in adolescent mothers: Maternal attachment, mother-infant styles of interaction and emotion regulation at three months. Infant Behavior and Development, 37 (1): 44-56., DOI: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2013.12.01
  48. Resnick M.D. (1992). Adolescent pregnancy options. Journal of School Health, 62: 298-303., DOI: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.1992.tb01247.
  49. Ruedinger E. and Cox J.E. (2012). Adolescent childbearing: consequences and interventions. Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 24 (4): 446-452., DOI: 10.1097/MOP.0b013e3283557b8
  50. Signorelli G. e Zampino A.F. (2002). Rappresentazioni e investimenti emotivi nella gravidanza delle adolescenti. Minori e Giustizia, 3/4: 173-185.
  51. Stevenson W., Maton K. and Teti D. (1999). Social support, relationship quality and well-being among pregnant adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 22: 109-121., DOI: 10.1006/jado.1998.020
  52. Wellings K. and Parker R. (2006). Sexuality Education in Europe: a reference guide to polices and practices, The SAFE Project, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK.
  53. Woodward L.J., Fergusson D.M. and Horwood L.J. (2001). Risk factors and life processes associated with teenage pregnancy: Results from a prospective study from birth to 21 years. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 63: 1170-1184., DOI: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.01170.
  54. Young B.J., Furman W. and Jones M.C. (2012). Changes in adolescents’ risk factors following peer sexual coercion: Evidence for a feedback loop. Development and Psychopathology, 24 (2): 559-571., DOI: 10.1017/S095457941200016



  1. Elena Canzi, Miriam Parise, Laura Ferrari, Maria Giulia Olivari, Conoscenze e comportamenti degli adolescenti in ambito affettivo-sessuale: una ricerca esplorativa in RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA 2/2020 pp. 575, DOI: 10.3280/RIP2020-002006
  2. Elena Gatti, Maria Giulia Olivari, Marta Santini, Emanuela Confalonieri, Soddisfazione corporea e atteggiamento verso la chirurgia estetica. Uno studio sulle differenze di genere in un campione di adolescenti italiani in PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 1/2018 pp. 116, DOI: 10.3280/PDS2018-001007
  3. Maria Giulia Olivari, Gaia Cuccì, Emanuela Confalonieri, Italian Adolescents and Emergency Contraception: A Focus Group Study in Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology /2017 pp. 41, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpag.2016.08.012

Maria Giulia Olivari, Andrea Bonanomi, Daniela Traficante, Emanuela Confalonieri, in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 2/2016, pp. 63-85, DOI:10.3280/PDS2016-002004

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche