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La qualità della vita e il rischio psicopatologico dei pazienti ustionati: una revisione narrativa della letteratura
Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Autori/Curatori: Lucia Sideli, Alice Mulè, Maria Valentina Barone, Caterina La Cascia, Alessia Prestifilippo, Angela Di Pasquale, Daniele La Barbera 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2016 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  20 P. 86-105 Dimensione file:  215 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2016-002005
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Nonostante i progressi della medicina e della chirurgia, i traumi da ustione a tutt’oggi rappresentano una causa significativa di menomazione e disabilità, comportano una significativa riduzione della qualità della vita e sono associati a diversi esiti psicopatologici, inclusi la depressione e il disturbo da stress post-traumatico. Questa revisione narrativa non sistematica della letteratura si propone di presentare le evidenze più significative relative alla qualità della vita, ai sintomi psicopatologici, ai relativi fattori protettivi e di rischio, agli strumenti di valutazione e agli interventi psicologici rivolti ai pazienti ustionati. I risultati mostrano che la storia naturale delle lesioni da ustione è un processo complesso che coinvolge una varietà di fattori, tra cui l’insoddisfazione per l’immagine del corpo, le strategie di coping e il supporto sociale. Appare evidente che la valutazione del trauma da ustione debba tenere conto non solo degli effetti funzionali ed estetici del trauma, ma anche di quelli psicologici e sociali. Inoltre, è fondamentale che, in aggiunta ai trattamenti medici, chirurgici e riabilitativi, interventi psicologici siano resi disponibili a questi pazienti e ai loro familiari.


Keywords: Trauma da ustione, qualità della vita, sintomi psichiatrici, fattori di rischio, psicologia della salute.

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Lucia Sideli, Alice Mulè, Maria Valentina Barone, Caterina La Cascia, Alessia Prestifilippo, Angela Di Pasquale, Daniele La Barbera, in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 2/2016, pp. 86-105, DOI:10.3280/PDS2016-002005

   

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