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Settlers and peasants. The new rural settlements of 20th century Portuguese internal colonization
Journal Title: STORIA URBANA  
Author/s: Maria Helena Maia, Isabel Matias 
Year:  2016 Issue: 150 Language: English 
Pages:  15 Pg. 97-111 FullText PDF:  229 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SU2016-150006
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Portugal of the first half of the 20th century is still a rural country. Is this real and ideological rurality that this article intends to address, studding the new settlements resulting from internal colonization official actions. In 1926 the first Portuguese agricultural settlement is established. Ten years later, was created the Junta de Colonização Interna [Internal Colonization Department], responsible for the construction of various rural colonies. The idea was to combine agricultural improvement with social integration of poor families. We aim to identify the new settlements created by the JCI and understand its relationship with the Portuguese contemporary architectural culture, specifically, the debate around the cottage, dominant since 19th century. It is also important to examine the urban forms so constructed, for what they represent as field of experience of urban design solutions, for the importance it played in building the Portuguese landscape and the way they translate the signs of a desired Portugueseness
Keywords: Urban morphology, Portuguese architecture, Internal colonization, Modern architecture, Rural landscape

Maria Helena Maia, Isabel Matias, in "STORIA URBANA " 150/2016, pp. 97-111, DOI:10.3280/SU2016-150006

   

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