Today, in a period when psychoanalysis seems going through a crisis, the historian can begin to analyze the fracture between history and memory that accompanied psychoanalysis since its foundation. Freud, in fact, never thought of history as such, and all official histories of psychoanalysis are centered on the author of a discovery, the discovery of the unconscious, which was a breakthrough in his time. A revisionist historiography, at time close to an interpretive delusion, later took the place that belonged to hagiography. However, thanks also to the availability of many documents of the Freud Archives at the Library of Congress of Washington, it’s time to relocate psychoanalysis within the long term of history of "medicines of the soul", and to examine, with a rigorous historical analysis of the documents, the articulation that history of the unconscious, history of Freud himself, and psychoanalysis as history of a therapy have with each other.
Keywords: History, memory, Judaism, anti-Semitism, history of psychoanalysis