Mario Dal Pra’s reflections were shaped through his encounter with the philosophical lesson of Antonio Banfi: the autonomy and substance of culture combine with an understanding of the different characteristics of various directions in culture. From this perspective, Dal Pra configures the possibility of forming a philosophical history of philosophy. But the emergence of this critical perspective entails leaving behind his old metaphysical realism. The critical turning point in this evolution can be identified in the studies he devoted to Condillac.
Keywords: Autonomy of reason, directions in culture, metaphysical realism, philosophical history of philosophy