This paper engages in the debate on how agro-biotechnological innovations can influence food security. IPRs are considerate an important incentive for research initiatives based on genetic resources and they encourage investments in agricultural innovations. However, concerns have risen about the current system of IPR in plant improvement over its impact on food security. IPRs may affect the accessibility and availability of a large number of agricultural products, undermining food security.
Keywords: Food security, agro-biotechnology, access to food, Intellectual Property Rights, Plant Breeder Rights, farmers’ exemption.