The aim of the article is to show how Gershom Scholem took inspiration from Hermann Cohen in his description of Messianism in Jewish sources and history. In his writings and poems Scholem pointed out how Messianism grounds on paradoxa. He discovered in Cohen’s thinking, especially at the end of its evolution, a rich and deep Messianic idea. Cohen’s religious philosophy, grounded on Judaism, and Cohen himself were for Scholem a source of knowledge and an important way leading to his own historical and philosophical research. A research which points out in Jewish mysticism or Kabbala opposite themes and surprising conflicting motives.
Keywords: Hermann Cohen, Jewish mysticism, Messianism, Paradoxa, Philosophical anthropology, Gershom Scholem