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Il ruolo del diniego nella violenza sessuale: la valutazione dei bisogni criminogenici e dei bisogni di rispondenza
Titolo Rivista: GRUPPI 
Autori/Curatori: Georgia Zara 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2016 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  18 P. 123-140 Dimensione file:  240 KB
DOI:  10.3280/GRU2016-001010
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Tutti gli aggressori sessuali negano il reato che hanno commesso, oppure minimizzano la gravità o le conseguenze sulle vittime, oppure raramente sono pronti ad assumersi la responsabilità per quanto accaduto. Nonostante questo, il ruolo del diniego sul recidivismo criminale sessuale è controverso. I risultati della ricerca scientifica sono infatti concordi nel ritenere il diniego un bisogno di rispondenza, che incide sulla compliance al trattamento e che impatta sulla funzionalità relazionale e sociale della persona, ma che non acutizza il rischio di recidivisimo criminale. Se il diniego non è un fattore che direttamente influenza il rischio di ricaduta criminale, la convinzione giuridico-sociale, secondo cui l’assenza di diniego favo-risce un processo di assunzione di responsabilità, non è più sostenibile né sul piano scientifico né tantomeno su quello psico-criminologico e clinico. Questi avanzamenti empirici richiedono un cambiamento di prospettiva rispetto al diniego iniziando a considerarlo un target del trattamento e non un elemento da eliminare prima di iniziare il trattamento. Probabilmente il sistema sociale potrebbe beneficiare maggiormente di una politica di intervento che conduca gli autori di reati sessuali a desistere, nonostante il processo di ammissione del reato e di assunzione di responsabilità seguirà il cambiamento comportamentale piuttosto che anticiparlo.


Keywords: Violenza sessuale, Diniego, Bisogni criminogenici, Bisogni di rispondenza, Recidivismo, Trattamento.

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Georgia Zara, in "GRUPPI" 1/2016, pp. 123-140, DOI:10.3280/GRU2016-001010

   

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