Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults have not received proper attention by the scientific literature and gerontology research, especially in Italy. This lack represents only an aspect of a more general condition of social invisibility that weighs on this population. The present contribution aims to provide researchers and clinicians with a review of scientific works which, especially in the USA, have casted light on experiences of stigmatization, discrimination, and victimization experienced and perceived by this population. The theoretical framework is represented by the minority stress perspective which provides an overview of risk and protective factors related to physical and mental health of minority groups. In the current review, authors considered studies conducted through quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods, starting from 2000. Following the above described perspective, results are presented in two sections: the first one is focused on the different forms of stigma which weigh on LGBT older adults and the second one on the mental and physical health outcomes and on protective factors. The application of the minority stress perspective on LGBT older adults provides researchers and social and health care system providers with a psychosocial and clinical framework through which reading the phenomenon. Finally, main research recommendations are discussed.
Keywords: LGBT, elders, minority stress, stigma, protective factors, health.
Cristiano Scandurra, Fabrizio Mezza, Vincenzo Bochicchio, Paolo Valerio, Anna Lisa Amodeo, LGBT elders health from the minority stress perspective. Literature review and research recommendations in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 2/2017, pp. 70-96, DOI:10.3280/PDS2017-002004