In the analysis of early school leaving the procrastination phenomenon has often been underestimated. Our research has linked the selfhandicapping processes with those related to the drop-out of the study program. Procrastination was intended as a process of constant postponement of school commitments and recovery occasions. The study was conducted on a group of 956 high school students, according to two different areas: study strategies and coping in the management of educational tests; social relationships and their priorities. These variables were correlated with locus of control and self-efficacy strategies. A descriptive analysis of the obtained data shows:
1- People with external locus of control (> 13.4; p < .001) tend to postpone the schoolwork considered difficult; those with internal locus of control (< 6.8; p < .005) tend to postpone schoolwork as they feel to firstly counter the deficit;
2 - Individuals who procrastinate are more likely to fail at school and then to abandon it without attributing blame particularly to procrastination (t = 6.30, p < .005);
3 - Individuals with higher self-efficacy do not procrastinate having also higher levels of in-ternal locus of control (Pearson r = .68; p < .001);
4 - Finally, there are no gender and age differences in procrastination strategies, which seem more closely related to levels of loneliness and a greater interest in social relationships (Pearson r = .53, p < .001).
With regard to intervention strategies it has been verified that people with supportive peer groups do not tend to procrastinate, whereas more isolated individuals procrastinate in conditions of melancholy and conflict. As procrastination has been found to be a predictor of self-handicapping, more work within the school context should be needed to train teachers in the prevention of school procrastination.
Keywords: Self-handicapping, procrastination, drop-out
Gioacchino Lavanco, Laura Clorinda Rinaldi, Valeria de Palo, Lucia Monacis, Self-handicapping and procrastination: prevention strategies of "mafia feeling" in "PSICOLOGIA DI COMUNITA’" 1/2017, pp. 57-77, DOI:10.3280/PSC2017-001006