The interpretation in a gender perspective of the Shari’a texts is a central issue for feminine and feminist theology in Islam. The roots of a ‘feminist ijtihad’ are in the first women’s rights movements that developed in the Arab countries at the end of the nineteenth century. They were closely related to the arabic nationalism and Colonial and post colonial dynamics. Aisha Abdurrahman (Bint Shati, 1913-1998) was a forerunner of Arab and Muslim feminism. His literary tafsir’s work laid the foundation for a historical interpretation of the Koran. Her modern literary approach did not break with classical exegesis, but its new perspective had a great influence on the feminist exegesis of the twentieth century. The article highlights the life and study path of Bint Shati and the characteristics of his method, considering the important influences on the contemporary feminist ijthad.
Keywords: Islamic feminism, Aysha Abderrahman, Gender Jihad