Clicca qui per scaricare

Mettendo in discussione l’"epoca urbana"
Titolo Rivista: ARCHIVIO DI STUDI URBANI E REGIONALI 
Autori/Curatori: Neil Brenner, Christian Schmid 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2017 Fascicolo: 120 Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  36 P. 13-48 Dimensione file:  821 KB
DOI:  10.3280/ASUR2017-120002
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


La tesi secondo cui vivremmo oggi in un’epoca urbana è divenuta una verità di senso comune. Questo articolo sostiene invece che tale idea sia una base fallace per concettualizzare gli attuali modelli di urbanizzazione del mondo: è empiricamente insostenibile e incoerente teoreticamente. Dopo aver svolto una critica al rompicapo della misurazione della popolazione urbana nel mondo, l’articolo delinea una serie di prospettive metodologiche per una comprensione alternativa della condizione urbana globale contemporanea.


Keywords: Epoca urbana; urbanizzazione; teoria critica urbana; urbanizzazione planetaria; ideologia spaziale.

  1. Anand N. and Rademacher A. (2011). Housing in the urban age. Antipode, 43(5): 1748-1772.
  2. Angel S. (2011). Making room for a planet of cities. Cambridge, MA: Policy Focus Report, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.
  3. Ash C., Jasny B., Robert L., Stone R. and Sugden A. (2008). Reimagining cities. Science, 319.5864: 739.
  4. Berger A. (2006). Drossscape: wasting land in urban America, New York: Princeton Architectural Press.
  5. Berry B. (1961). City size distributions and economic development. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 9(4): 573-88.
  6. Bloom D., Canning D., Fink G., Khanna T. and Salyer P. (2010). Urban settlement: data, measures, trends. In: Beall J., Guha-Khasnobis B. and Kanbur R., eds., Urbanization and development. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  7. Bocquier P. (2004). World urbanization prospects: an alternative to the UN model of projection compatible with urban transition theory. Document de Travail DIAL. Paris: Unité de Recherche CIPRÉ.
  8. Brenner N. (2004). New state spaces. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  9. Brenner N. (2012). Louis Wirth’s radiant urbanism: a contribution to the investigation of world urbanization. Working paper, Urban Theory Lab. Cambridge, MA: Harvard GS.
  10. Brenner N. (2013). Theses on urbanization. Public Culture, 25(1): 85-114.
  11. Brenner N. and Katsikis N. (2013). Is the world urban? Towards a critique of geo-spatial ideology. Moscow: Strelka Press.
  12. Brenner N. and Schmid C. (2011). Planetary urbanization. In: Gandy M., ed., Urban constellations. Berlin: Jovis.
  13. Brenner N. and Schmid C. (2012). Towards a theory of extended urbanization. Working paper, Urban Theory Lab, Cambridge, MA and ETH Zurich: Harvard GSD.
  14. Brockerhoff, M. (2000). An urbanizing world. Population Bulletin, 55(3): 3-43.
  15. Burdett R. and Rode P. (2006). The urban age project. In: Burdett R. and Sudjic D., eds., The endless city. London: Phaidon.
  16. Burdett R. and D. Sudjic (2006) (eds.). The endless city. London: Phaidon.
  17. Burdett R. and D. Sudjic (2010) (eds.). Living in the endless city. London: Phaidon.
  18. Castells M. (1977). The urban question: a Marxist approach. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press (ed. orig. 1972).
  19. Castells M. (2002). Preface. In: Evans P., ed., Livable cities?. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
  20. Champion T. (2004). Lest we re-invent the wheel: lessons from previous experience. In: Champion T. and Hugo G., eds., New forms of urbanization, London: Ashgate.
  21. Champion T. and Hugo G. (2004). Introduction. In: Champion T. and Hugo G., eds., New forms of urbanization. London: Ashgate.
  22. Cohen B. (2004). Urban growth in developing countries. World Development, 32(1): 23-51.
  23. Davis K. (1945). The world demographic transition. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 237(1): 1-11.
  24. Davis K. (1955). The origins and growth of urbanization in the world. American Journal of Sociology, 60(5): 429-37.
  25. Davis K. (1959). The world’s metropolitan areas. International Urban Research, Institute for International Studies. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  26. Davis K. (1965). The urbanization of the human population. Scientific American, 213(3): 40-53.
  27. Davis K. (1969). World urbanization 1950-1970, Volume I: Basic data for cities, countries and regions. Population Monograph Series N. 4, Berkeley, CA: University of California – Institute of International Studies.
  28. Davis K. (1972). World urbanization 1950–1970, Volume II: analysis of trends, relationships and development. Population Monograph Series n. 9, Institute of International Studies, Berkeley, CA: University of California.
  29. Davis K. and Hertz Golden H. (1954). Urbanization and the development of pre-industrial areas. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 3(1): 6-26.
  30. Davis M. (2006). Planet of slums. London: Verso.
  31. Diener R., Herzog J., Meili M., de Meuron P. and Schmid C. (2006). Switzerland: an urban portrait. ETH Studio Basel, Basel: Birkhäuser. Volumes 1-4.
  32. Elden S. (2010). Land, terrain, territory. Progress in Human Geography, 34(6): 799-817., 10.1177/030913251036260DOI: 10.1177/030913251036260
  33. Gans H. (2009). Some problems of and futures for urban sociology. City and Community, 8(3): 211-219.
  34. Gibbs J. and Schnore L. (1960). Metropolitan growth: an international study. American Journal of Sociology, 66(2): 160-170.
  35. Gleeson B. (2012). Critical commentary. The urban age: paradox and prospect. Urban Studies, 49(5): 931-43., 10.1177/004209801143584DOI: 10.1177/004209801143584
  36. Glissant E. (1984) (ed.). The urban explosion. The UNESCO Courier, 38: 24-30.
  37. Goonewardena K. (2005). The urban sensorium: space, ideology, and the aestheticization of politics. Antipode, 37(1): 46-71.
  38. Halfacree K. (2004). Rethinking “rurality”. In: Champion T. and Hugo G., eds., New forms of urbanization. London: Ashgate.
  39. Hall P. and Pain K. (2006). The polycentric metropolis. London: Earthscan.
  40. Hoyt H. (1966). World urbanization. Reprinted in According to Hoyt: 50 years of Homer Hoyt, Washington, DC: Homer Hoyt (ediz. orig. 1962).
  41. Jameson F. (1988). Cognitive mapping. In: Grossberg L. and Nelson C., eds., Marxism and the interpretation of culture. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
  42. Jessop B., Brenner N. and Jones M. (2008). Theorizing socio-spatial relations. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 26(3): 389-401.
  43. Koolhaas R. (2000). Mutations: Harvard project on the city. Barcelona: Actar.
  44. Lefebvre H. (2003). The urban revolution. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press (ediz. orig. 1970).
  45. Madden D. (2012). City becoming world: Nancy, Lefebvre and the global-urban imagination. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 30(5): 772-87.
  46. Marx K. and Engels F. (2000). The communist manifesto. In: McLellan D., ed., Karl Marx: selected writings, second edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press (ediz. orig. 1848).
  47. McGee T. (2008). Managing the rural-urban transformation in East Asia in the 21st century. Sustainability Science, 3(1): 155-67.
  48. McKinsey Global Institute (2011). Urban world: mapping the economic power of cities. London: McKinsey.
  49. Merrifield A. (2011). The right to the city and beyond. City, 15(3-4): 468-76., 10.1080/13604813.2011.59511DOI: 10.1080/13604813.2011.59511
  50. Monte-Mór R.L.M. (2004). Modernities in the jungle: extended urbanization in the Brazilian Amazon. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Department of Urban Planning. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Los Angeles.
  51. Monte-Mór R.L.M. (2005). What is the urban in the contemporary world?. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 21(3): 942-948.
  52. Montgomery M. (2010). The demography of the urban transition: what we know and don’t know. In: Martine G., McGranahan G., Montgomery M. and Fernan-dez-Castilla R., eds., The new global frontier, London: Earthscan.
  53. Montgomery M. and Balk D. (2011). The urban transition in developing countries. In: Birch E. and Wachter S., eds., Global urbanization, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
  54. Peck J. and Theodore N. (2010). Recombinant workfare, across the Americas: transnationalizing ‘fast’ social policy. Geoforum, 41(2): 195-208.
  55. Potere D. and Schneider A. (2007). A critical look at representations of urban areas in global maps. GeoJournal, 69: 55-80.
  56. Potere D., Schneider A., Angel S. and Civco D. (2009). Mapping urban areas on a global scale: which of the eight maps now available is more accurate?. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 30(24): 6531-6558.
  57. Robinson J. (2011). Cities in a world of cities: the comparative gesture. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 53(1): 1-23.
  58. Roy A. (2009). The 21st-century metropolis: new geographies of theory. Regional Studies, 43(6): 819-830.
  59. Satterthwaite D. (2007). The transition to a predominantly urban world and its underpinnings. Human Settlements Discussion Paper. London: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED).
  60. Satterthwaite D. (2010). Urban myths and the misuse of data that underpin them. In Beall J., Guha-Khasnobis B. and Kanbur R., eds., Urbanization and development. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  61. Sayer A. (1992). Method in social science. New York: Routledge.
  62. Schmid C. (2006). Theory. In: Diener R., Herzog J., Meili M., de Meuron P. and Schmid C., Switzerland: an urban portrait. ETH Studio Basel, Basel: Birkhäu-ser. Vol. 1: 163-221.
  63. Schmid C. (2012). Patterns and pathways of global urbanization: towards comparative analysis. In Acebillo J., ed., Globalization of urbanity. Barcelona: Actar-Università della Svizzera Italiana.
  64. Schnore L. (1964). Urbanization and economic development: the demographic contribution. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 23(1): 37-48.
  65. Scruton P. (2007). The new urban world. The Guardian, 27 June Testo disponibile al sito: http://image.guardian.co.uk/sys-files/Guardian/documents/2007/06/27/URBAN_WORLD_2806.pdf. (ultimo accesso il 15 giugno 2012).
  66. Soja E. (2000). Postmetropolis. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.
  67. Soja E. (2010). Regional urbanization and the end of the metropolis era. In: Bridge G. and Watson S., eds., The new Blackwell companion to the city. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.
  68. Soja E. and Kanai M. (2006). The urbanization of the world. In Burdett R. and Sudjic D., eds., The endless city. London: Phaidon.
  69. Taylor P.J. (1994). The state as container: territoriality in the modern world-system. Progress in Human Geography, 18(2): 151-162.
  70. Taylor P.J. (2002). A brief guide to quantitative data collection at GaWC, 1997–2001. Globalization and World Cities Research Network, Loughborough Uni-versity Testo disponibile al sito: http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/guide.html (ultimo accesso: 30 maggio 2012).
  71. Theodore N. and Peck J. (2012). Framing neoliberal urbanism: translating “commonsense” urban policy across the OECD zone. European Urban and Regional Studies, 19(1): 20-41.
  72. Uchida H. and Nelson A. (2010). Agglomeration index: towards a new measure of urban concentration. In: Beall J., Guha-Khasnobis B. and Kanbur R., eds., Urbanization and development. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  73. UN-DESA – United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (1969). Growth of the world’s urban and rural population, 1920-2000. Population Studies n. 44, New York: United Nations.
  74. UN-DESA-PD – United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2002). World urbanization prospects, the 2001 revision. New York: United Nations.
  75. UN-DESA-PD – United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2012). World urbanization prospects, the 2011 revision. New York: United Nations.
  76. UNFPA – United Nations Population Fund (2007). State of world population 2007: unleashing the potential of urban growth. United Nations Population Fund, New York. Testo disponibile al sito: http://www.unfpa.org/swp/2007/english/introduction.html (ultimo accesso: 14 giugno 2012).
  77. UN-Habitat – United Nations Human Settlement Programme (1996). An urbanizing world: global report on human settlements, 1996. Oxford: Oxford University Press for UN-Habitat.
  78. UN-Habitat – United Nations Human Settlement Programme (2007). The state of the world’s cities Report 2006/2007 – 30 years of shaping the Habitat agenda. London: Earthscan for UN-Habitat.
  79. UNICEF – United Nations Children’s Fund (2012). An urban world: urban population map [WWW document]. Testo disponibile al sito: http://www.unicef.org/sowc2012/urbanmap/ (ultimo accesso: 15 giugno 2012).
  80. Wachsmuth D. (2014). City as ideology. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 32(1): 75-90.
  81. Weber A.F. (1899). The growth of cities in the nineteenth century: a study in statistics. New York: Macmillan.
  82. Weissmann E. (1965). The urban crisis in the world. Urban Affairs Quarterly, 1(1): 65-82.
  83. Wirth L. (1969). Urbanism as a way of life. In: Sennett R., ed., Classic essays on the culture of cities. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall (ed. orig. 1937).

Neil Brenner, Christian Schmid, in "ARCHIVIO DI STUDI URBANI E REGIONALI" 120/2017, pp. 13-48, DOI:10.3280/ASUR2017-120002

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche