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Thomas Reid on Consciousness and the Constitution of the Mental
Autori/Curatori: Sebastiano Gino 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2017 Fascicolo: 4  Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  12 P. 585-596 Dimensione file:  45 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SF2017-004004
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This paper tackles the issue of consciousness as it features in Thomas Reid’s philosophy of mind. Section 1 shows that consciousness plays a pivotal role within what the Author calls a "faculty psychology", namely, Reid’s project of elaborating an empirical description of different mental operations. Section 2 highlights a conceptual difficulty which arises when some of Reid’s claims are taken together: if consciousness is a mental faculty standing on its own footing, but, at the same time, all mental operations are conscious, then a logical regress looms. Section 3 presents Reid’s account of natural powers, especially those relating to life phenomena. By advocating an animistic doctrine of vital functions, he seems to leave open the possibility that some mental activity is unconscious. Section 4 concludes by stressing that Reid’s problem with the regress reveals a deeper tension - a kind of failed synthesis - between a religious and a naturalistic conception of mind.

Keywords: Reid, consciousness, mind, psychology, animism, naturalism.

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Sebastiano Gino, in "RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA" 4/2017, pp. 585-596, DOI:10.3280/SF2017-004004


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