Click here to download

The Awareness-Consciousness Continuum and the Environment as Lifeworld. Gestalt Ther-apy Takes Another Phenomenological Turn
Journal Title: QUADERNI DI GESTALT 
Author/s: Dan Bloom 
Year:  2017 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  19 Pg. 34-52 FullText PDF:  227 KB
DOI:  10.3280/GEST2017-001004
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


The awareness continuum and the organism/environment field have been the unexamined foundations for Gestalt therapy’s theory and practice since its beginning in 1951. This paper questions their adequacy. It argues that "awareness" is too broad a concept to describe the rich and complex experience of being human. The "awareness-consciousness continuum" and "environment-lifeworld" are proposed. Persons, as animal organism as well as meaning-making existential human beings, can then be fully considered with the language of our modality. The terms by which we consider our work express our attitude towards our patients.
Keywords: Contact-boundary, field, creative-adjusting, consciousness, phenomenology, lifeworld, self functions, awareness-consciousness continuum, organism/environment-lifeworld field.

  1. Ash M.G. (1995). Gestalt Psychology in German Culture, 1890-1967. Holism and the Quest for Objectivity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (trad. it.: La psicologia della Gestalt nella cultura tedesca dal 1890 al 1967. Milano: FrancoAngeli, 2004).
  2. Bloom D. (2003). “Tiger! Tiger! Burning Bright”. Aesthetic Values as Clinical Values in Gestalt Therapy. In: Spagnuolo Lobb M., Amendt-Lyon N., eds., Creative License. The Art of Gestalt Therapy. Vienna: Springer-Verlag, pp. 63-78 (trad. it.: “Tigre! Tigre! Che splendente bruci”: valori estetici come valori clinici in psicoterapia della Gestalt. In: Spagnuolo Lobb M., Amendt-Lyon N., a cura di, Il permesso di creare. L’arte della psicoterapia della Gestalt. Milano: FrancoAngeli, 2007).
  3. Bloom D. (2008). Embodied Intentionality: The Engine of Contact. Paper presented at the meeting of the AAGT International 9th International Conference, Manchester, UK.
  4. Bloom D. (2009). The Phenomenological Method of Gestalt Therapy: Revisiting Husserl to Discover the Essence of Gestalt Therapy. Gestalt Review, 13, 3: 277-295.
  5. Bloom D. (2016). The Relational Function of Self. Self Functioning of the Most Human Plane. In: Robine J.-M., ed., Self. A Polyphony of Contemporary Gestalt Therapists. St. Romain-La-Virvée (France): L’Exprimerie.
  6. Crocker S. (2008). A Unified Theory. In: Brownell P., ed., Handbook for Theory, Research, and Practice in Gestalt Therapy. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  7. Crocker G.R., Crocker S. (2009). Phenomenology in Husserl and in Gestalt Therapy. British Gestalt Journal, 18, 1: 18-28.
  8. Damasio A. (1999). The Feeling of What Happens. New York, NY: Harcourt Brace & Co.
  9. Dennett D.C. (1991). Consciousness Explained. Boston: Little, Brown and Co.
  10. Dewey J. (1958). Experience and Nature. New York, NY: Dover (trad. it.: Esperienza e natura. Milano: Ugo Mursia Editore, 2014).
  11. Edelman G.M. (2006). The Embodiment of Mind. Daedalus, 135, 2: 23-31.
  12. Frank R. (2001). Body of Awareness. A Somatic and Developmental Approach to Psychotherapy. Cambridge, MA: Gestalt Press (trad. it.: Il corpo consapevole. Milano: FrancoAngeli, 2001).
  13. Francesetti G., Gecele M. (2010). Psicopatologia e diagnosi in psicoterapia della Gestalt. Quaderni di Gestalt, 23, 1: 51-78., DOI: 10.3280/GEST2010-00100
  14. Giorgi A., Giorgi B. (2003). The Descriptive Phenomenological Psychological Method. In: Camic P.M., Rhodes J.E., Yardley L., eds., Qualitative Research in Psychology: Ex-panding Perspectives in Methodology and Design. Washington, DC: American Psycho-logical Association, pp. 243-273.
  15. Goldstein K. (1939). The Organism. A Holistic Approach to Biology Derived from Patho-logical Data in Man. New York, NY: American Book Company (trad. it.: L’organismo. Un approccio olistico alla biologia derivato dai dati patologici nell’uomo. Roma: Giovanni Fioriti Editore, 2010).
  16. Husserl E. (1931). Ideas. General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology. New York, NY: MacMillan.
  17. Husserl E. (1954). The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology. (trad. di D. Carr). Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1970.
  18. James W. (1981). The Principles of Psychology. Vol. I and II. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  19. James W. (1987). Does Consciousness Exist? In: William James Writings 1902-1910. New York, NY: Library Classics of the United States, pp. 1141-1158.
  20. Kennedy D. (2005). The Lived Body. British Gestalt Journal, 14, 2: 128-134.
  21. Kitzler R. (2007). The Ambiguities of Origins: Pragmatism, the University of Chicago, and Paul Goodman’s Self. Studies in Gestalt Therapy: Dialogical Bridges, 1, 1: 41-65.
  22. Lévinas E. (1991). Otherwise than Being or Beyond Essence. New York, NY: Springer.
  23. Mann D. (2010). Gestalt Therapy. 100 Key Points and Techniques. New York, NY: Routledge.
  24. Merleau-Ponty M. (1968). The Visible and the Invisible (trad. di A. Lingus). Evanston, IL: Northwestern Univ Press.
  25. Merleau-Ponty M. (2012). Phenomenology of Perception. An Introduction. New York, NY: Routledge.
  26. Miller M.V. (2015). The Self and Other Errors. A Meditation on Reflexivity and Beyond. In: Robine J.-M., ed., Self. A Polyphony of Contemporary Gestalt Therapists. St. Romain-La-Virvée (France): L’Exprimerie.
  27. Perls F.S., Hefferline R.F., Goodman P. (1951). Gestalt Therapy: Excitement and Growth in the Human Personality. New York: The Julian Press (trad. it.: Teoria e pratica della terapia della Gestalt. Vitalità e accrescimento nella personalità umana. Roma: Astrolabio, 1997).
  28. Perls F.S. (1969). Ego, Hunger and Aggression. A Revision of Freud’s Theory and Method. New York, NY: Random House (trad. it.: L’io, la fame e l’aggressività. Milano: FrancoAngeli, 1995).
  29. Perls F.S. (1973). The Gestalt Approach and Eye Witness to Therapy. Palo Alto, CA: Science & Behavior Books (trad. it.: L’approccio della Gestalt. Testimone oculare della terapia. Roma: Astrolabio, 1977).
  30. Perls L. (1992). Living at the Boundary. Highland, NY: Gestalt Journal Press.
  31. Robine J.-M. (2003). Intentionality in Flesh and Blood. International Gestalt Journal, 26, 2: 85-110.
  32. Smuts J. (1926). Holism and Evolution. New York, NY: Viking Press.
  33. Sokolowski R. (2008). Phenomenology of the Human Person. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  34. Spagnuolo Lobb M. (2007). Being at the Contact Boundary with the Other: The Challenge of Every Couple. British Gestalt Journal, 16, 1: 44-52.
  35. Spagnuolo Lobb M. (2011). Il now-for-next in psicoterapia. La psicoterapia della Gestalt raccontata nella società post-moderna. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  36. Spagnuolo-Lobb M. (2014). I principi di base e lo sviluppo della psicoterapia della Gestalt nella società contemporanea. In: Francesetti G., Gecele M., Roubal J., a cura di, La psicoterapia della Gestalt nella pratica clinica. Dalla psicopatologia all’estetica del contatto. Milano: FrancoAngeli, pp. 31-63.
  37. Spiegelberg H. (1972). Phenomenology in Psychology and Psychiatry. A Historical Introduction. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
  38. Steinbock A. (1995). Home and Beyond, Generative Phenomenology after Husserl. Evans-ton, IL: Northwestern University Press.
  39. Yontef G. (1993a). Gestalt Therapy: Clinical Phenomenology. In: Awareness, Dialogue and Process. Essays on Gestalt Therapy. Highland, NY: The Gestalt Journal Press, pp. 181-201.
  40. Yontef G. (1993b). Awareness, Dialogue and Process. Essays on Gestalt Therapy. Highland, NY: The Gestalt Journal Press.

Dan Bloom, The Awareness-Consciousness Continuum and the Environment as Lifeworld. Gestalt Ther-apy Takes Another Phenomenological Turn in "QUADERNI DI GESTALT" 1/2017, pp. 34-52, DOI:10.3280/GEST2017-001004

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content