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Bias attentivo verso gli stimoli inerenti la colpa nel disturbo ossessivo-compulsivo: un’indagine preliminare
Titolo Rivista: QUADERNI DI PSICOTERAPIA COGNITIVA 
Autori/Curatori: Teresa Cosentino, Enrico Iuliano, Angelo Saliani, Claudia Perdighe, Francesco Mancini 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2017 Fascicolo: 41 Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  13 P. 5-17 Dimensione file:  163 KB
DOI:  10.3280/QPC2017-041001
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Numerosi studi ed osservazioni cliniche sostengono l’ipotesi che l’attività ossessiva sia finalizzata all’evitamento della possibilità di esser colpevole, esperienza giudicata inaccettabile e intollerabile da tali pazienti. Lo studio qui riportato si colloca in questo filone di ricerca. Partendo dall’evidenza che nella gran parte dei disturbi d’ansia si riscontra un orienta- mento selettivo dell’attenzione verso gli stimoli inerenti la minaccia temuta, ci si aspettava di trovare nei nostri pazienti ossessivi la presenza di un bias attentivo verso gli stimoli inerenti la colpa. Per averne conferma, 16 pazienti con disturbo ossessivo-compulsivo e 16 soggetti non clinici di controllo sono stati sottoposti ad una versione dello Stroop Test emozionale basato su parole emozionalmente neutre e parole inerenti la colpa. I risultati, seppure preliminari dato l’esiguo numero di soggetti coinvolti nello studio, sembrano indicare che l’attenzione dei pazienti ossessivi è selettivamente orientata verso gli stimoli inerenti la colpa, confermando la sensibilità dei pazienti ossessivi verso tale esperienza. Sono discusse le implicazioni cliniche di tale fenomeno e gli auspicabili sviluppi futuri di tale ricerca.


Keywords: Disturbo ossessivo-compulsivo, senso di colpa, bias attentivo, Stroop Test emotivo, disturbi d’ansia.

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Teresa Cosentino, Enrico Iuliano, Angelo Saliani, Claudia Perdighe, Francesco Mancini, in "QUADERNI DI PSICOTERAPIA COGNITIVA" 41/2017, pp. 5-17, DOI:10.3280/QPC2017-041001

   

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