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Maltrattamento emotivo e sintomi somatici in età giovanile adulta. Il ruolo di mediazione dello stile di attaccamento romantico in una popolazione femminile
Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Autori/Curatori: Maria Elena Brianda, Chiara Sacchi, Pietro De Carli, Alessandra Simonelli 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2018 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  21 P. 81-101 Dimensione file:  330 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2018-001005
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Il maltrattamento emotivo è spesso associato alla comparsa in età adulta di una varietà di compromissioni della salute mentale e fisica. Tra queste, i disturbi somatici hanno un’alta incidenza tra le vittime di maltrattamento, in particolare tra le donne. L’indagine dei fattori di mediazione tra tali esperienze e la successiva sintomatologia adulta, mette in evidenza il ruolo dell’attaccamento romantico, anche nello specifico caso dei disturbi somatici, tuttavia sono ancora pochi gli studi sul tema. L’obiettivo principale degli autori è quello di verificare l’effetto delle esperienze avverse di abuso e trascuratezza emotivi sulla comparsa di sintomi somatici in un gruppo di donne giovani-adulte, attraverso l’effetto di mediazione dei livelli di ansia ed evitamento dell’attaccamento romantico. Le partecipanti sono 346 studentesse (età media = 23.17) che hanno completato un pro-tocollo self-report costituito da: Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF), Experiences in Close Relationships Scale-Revised (ECR-R) e Symptom Check-List (SCL-90). Attraverso l’applicazione di un modello di equazione strutturale gli autori hanno esaminato la mediazione dell’attaccamento romantico (ECR-R) nella relazione tra maltrattamento emotivo (CTQ-SF) e sintomi somatici (SCL-90). Il fit del modello appare adeguato ed evidenzia che l’attaccamento romantico media la relazione tra maltrattamento emotivo infantile e disturbi somatici in età adulta (b = 0.15, SE = 0.05, z = 2.76, p = 0.006, 95% CI [0.04, 0.25]). I risultati dello studio sottolineano l’importanza di includere l’aspetto relazionale nell’intervento con le donne vittime di esperienze infantili, in una prospettiva di prevenzione degli effetti negativi delle esperienze infantili avverse e di conseguente riduzione dei costi di salute pubblica.


Keywords: Maltrattamento emotivo, disturbi somatici, attaccamento romantico

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Maria Elena Brianda, Chiara Sacchi, Pietro De Carli, Alessandra Simonelli, in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 1/2018, pp. 81-101, DOI:10.3280/PDS2018-001005

   

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