Clicca qui per scaricare

La valutazione di impatto sociale: obiettivi, metodi ed evoluzioni
Titolo Rivista: RIV Rassegna Italiana di Valutazione 
Autori/Curatori: Erica Melloni 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2017 Fascicolo: 67 Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  23 P. 101-123 Dimensione file:  550 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RIV2017-067007
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 




The social impact assessment is an activity of social research and an assessment practice that has received an increasing spread. Burgeoned from the environmental impact assessment method, its early formulations aim to anticipate and mitigate the adverse social impacts of a proposed intervention, whilst also contributing to strengthening positive ones. Since the first applications, different versions of social impact assessment have been proposed, depending on the unit of analysis and the purposes of the evaluation. The article offers two reading tracks: the social impact assessments applied to programs, policies and reforms; and impact assessments applied to social enterprises and social investments. The article concludes with some notes on the contribution of social impact assessment to make a step further to reach the most relevant evaluation purposes and some cautions to consider in the development of these methods.
Keywords: Evaluation; Social Impact; Development; Participation; Social Enterprise

  1. Wilson, K. (2014). New Investment Approaches for Addressing Social and Economic Challenges. OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers, 15.
  2. Barzelay, M. (2007). Learning from Second-Hand Experience: Methodology for Extrapolation-Oriented Case Research, 20(3), 521–543.
  3. Burdge, R. J. (2002). Why is social impact assessment the orphan of the assessment process?”. Impact Assessment and Project AppraisalAppraisal, 20(1), 3–9.
  4. Burdge, R. J., Charnley, S., Scientist, S., Station, F. E., Service, F., Downs, M., Williams, G. (2003). US principles and guidelines for social impact assessment in the USA. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 21(3), 231–250.
  5. Burress, C., & Ambreen, M. (2010). Poverty and Social Impact Analysis of the Global Economic crisis. Synthesis Report of 18 Country Studies. Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) Trust Fund.
  6. Chiaf, E. (2013). Un’analisi degli indicatori di impatto sociale. Centro Studi in imprese cooperative, sociali ed enti non profit. Progetto: “Attracting communities towards social enterprise investment - ACT SOCIAL” finanziato nell’ambito della Call for 25 proposal: “Supporting the demand and supply side of the market for. http://www.actsocial.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/II_Ricerca_Socialis_Social_impact_indicators_identification.pdf.
  7. Cordes, J. J. (2017). Using cost-benefit analysis and social return on investment to evaluate the impact of social enterprise: Promises , implementation , and limitations. Evaluation and Program Planning, 64, 98–104.
  8. Dunlop, C. A., & Radaelli, C. M. (eds). (2016). Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  9. Environment Analyst. (2017). Donald Trump lambasts consultants and EIA process. President accuses environmental consultants of “making up nonsense” for a “tremendous amount of money.” Environment Analyst.
  10. Commissione Europea. (2002). Comunicazione della Commissione in materia di valutazione d’impatto. COM(2002) 276 Final.
  11. Commissione Europea. (2012). Comunicazione della Commissione al Parlamento Europeo, al Consiglio, al Comitato Economico e Sociale Europeo e al Comitato delle Regioni. L’Atto per il mercato unico II ‘Insieme per una nuova crescita’. COM(2012) 573 Final.
  12. Commissione Europea. (2014). The Social Business Initiative of the European Commission. COM(2011) 682 Final.
  13. Commissione Europea. Directorate-General for Regional Policy. (2014). The programming period 2014-2020. Guidance Document on Monitoring and Evaluation. European Cohesion Fund and European Regional Development Fund. Concepts and reccomendations. http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docoffic/2014/working/wd_2014_en.pdf.
  14. Commissione Europea. Sottogruppo GECES sulla misurazione dell’impatto. (2014). Approcci proposti per la misurazione dell’impatto sociale nella legislazione della Commissione europea e nelle pratiche relativamente a: FEIS e EaSI https://goo.gl/AumLCB.
  15. European Court of Auditors. (2010). Impact assessments in the EU Institutions: do they support decision-making? Special Report n.3. http://ec.europa.eu/smart-regulation/impact/docs/coa_report_3_2010_en.pdf.
  16. Fondazione Cariplo, Ufficio Osservatorio e Valutazione. (2015). Sperimentare politiche sociali innovative. Manuale introduttivo. Quaderni dell'Osservatorio. Fondazione Cariplo. Quaderno 19. http://www.fondazionecariplo.it/static/upload/qua/qua_19_innovazionesociale/qua_19_innovazione-sociale.pdf.
  17. Fontes, J. (2016). Handbook for Product Social Impact Assessment 3.0. Roundtable for Product Social Metrics https://product-social-impact-assessment.com/.
  18. Hedley, S., Keen, S., Lumley, T., Ógáin, E. N., Thomas, J., & Williams, M. (2010). Talking about results. New Philanthropy Capital. https://www.thinknpc.org/publications/talking-about-results/.
  19. Hehenberger, L., Harling, A.-M., & Scholten, P. (2013). A Practical Guide to Measuring and Managing Impact. European Venture Philantropy Association. 26.
  20. Impact Assessment Board. (2012). Impact assessment board report for 2011. SEC(2012) 101 Final.
  21. Impact Assessment Board / Regulatory Scrutiny Board. (2015). 2015 activity statistics http://ec.europa.eu/smart-regulation/impact/key_docs/docs/iab_rsb_stats_2015.pdf
  22. Jacquet, J. B. (2014). A Short History of Social Impact Assessment. https://headwaterseconom-ics.org/wpcontent/uploads/Energy_Monitoring_SocialImpacts_History.pdf.
  23. McHugh, N., Sinclair, S., Roy, M., Huckfield, L., & Donaldson, C. (2013). Social impact bonds: a wolf in sheep’s clothing? Journal of Poverty and Social Justice, 21(3), 247– 57.
  24. Melloni, E. (2012). Dieci anni di Impact Assessment della Commissione Europea. Come funziona, a cosa serve e a chi serve. Rivista Italiana Di Politiche Pubbliche, 3, 419– 449.
  25. Melloni, E. (2014). Come le organizzazioni Nonprofit valutano l’impatto delle proprie attività. Fondazione Sodalitas; Istituto per la Ricerca Sociale. http://www.sodalitas.it/public/allegati/INDAGINE_RISULTATI_201531512283440.pdf.
  26. Melloni, E., Pesce, F., & Vasilescu, C. (2016). Are social mechanisms usable and useful in evaluation research? Evaluation, 22(2), 209–227.
  27. Malte, J. e Orlando, M.B. (2016). Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) : multi-donor trust fund - final report 2016. Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.Worldbank.org/curated/en/190091480665824579/pdf/110682-AR-WB-PSIA-Final-Evaluation-ReportFinalPrint-PUBLIC.pdf
  28. Ógáin, E. N., Lumley, T., & Pritchard, D. (2012). Making an Impact: Impact measurement among charities and social enterprises. London: New Philanthropy Capital.
  29. Poverty Reduction Group and Social Development Department. (2003). A User’s Guide to Poverty and Social Impact Analysis. Washington, DC. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPSIA/Resources/490023-1121114603600/12685_PSIAUsersGuide_Complete.pdf
  30. Radaelli, C. M. (2004). The diffusion of regulatory impact analysis. Best practice or lesson-drawing?, European Journal of Political Research. 43(5), 723–747.
  31. Schrefler, L. (2016). Social Impact Assessment. In C. A. Dunlop & C. M. Radaelli (Eds.), Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  32. Social Impact Investment Task Force istituita in ambito G8. (2014). La finanza che include: gli investimenti ad impatto sociale per una nuova economia. Rapporto italiano della Social Impact Investment Task Force istituita in ambito G8. http://www.socialimpactinvestment.org/reports/Rapporto%20Italiano%20Ultima%20versione.pdf.
  33. Stern, E., Stame, N., Mayne, J., Forss, K., Davies, R., & Befani, B. (2012). Broadening the range of designs and methods for impact evaluations. DFID Working Paper N. 38, (April 2012). 27.
  34. The Interorganizational Committee on Guidelines and Principles for Social Impact Assessment. (1994). Guidelines and principles for social impact assessment. https://www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/tm/spo/spo16.pdf.
  35. The SROI Network e Human Foundation. (2012). Guida al Ritorno Sociale sull’Investimento (SROI). http://socialvalueint.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/SROI-Guide_ITA_completa.pdf
  36. The United Nations. (2000). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly 55/2. United Nations Millennium Declaration.
  37. Tomei, G. (2016). Valutare gli outcome dei programmi complessi. Approcci, metodologie, tecniche. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  38. UNEP Setac Life Cycle Initiative. (2009). Guidelines for Social Life Cycle Assessment of Products. Management (United Nat, Vol. 15). http://www.unep.fr/shared/publications/pdf/dtix1164xpa-guidelines_slca.pdf
  39. Vanclay, F. (2003). International Principles for Social Impact Assessment. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 21(1), 5–11.
  40. Vanclay, F., Esteves, A. M., Group, C. I., Aucamp, I., Services, C., & Franks, D. M. (2015). Social Impact Assessment: Guidance for assessing and managing the social impacts of projects. http://www.iaia.org/uploads/pdf/SIA_Guidance_Document_IAIA.pdf
  41. Yates, B. T., & Marra, M. (2017). Social Return On Investment (SROI): Problems, solutions... and is SROI a good investment? Evaluation and Program Planning, 64, 136–144.
  42. Zamagni, S., Venturi, P., & Rago, S. (2015). Valutare l’impatto sociale. La questione della misurazione nelle imprese sociali. Impresa Sociale, (15).

Erica Melloni, in "RIV Rassegna Italiana di Valutazione" 67/2017, pp. 101-123, DOI:10.3280/RIV2017-067007

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche