Click here to download

Identità e riconoscimento: un possibile approccio teorico per la comprensione del fenomeno dell’homelessness?
Journal Title: ECONOMIA PUBBLICA  
Author/s: Veronica Polin 
Year:  2017 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  27 Pg. 91-117 FullText PDF:  245 KB
DOI:  10.3280/EP2017-003004
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


Identity and recognition: A possible theoretical key to understanding the phenomenon of homelessness? Homelessness is one of the most extreme forms of poverty. Recent literature explains this event using an approach that combines individual characteristics and structural forces. However, in the homelessness’s study few attention has been given to human dimension and the role of crisis of identity and recognition. The need to be socially recognized is not simply a need among many others, to which we can possibly give up: it is a basic condition of our being human persons. Becoming homeless is definitely a very traumatic event, but these persons suffer before they begin this transition and continue even after that. In both phases, homeless people might be victims of various forms of misrecognition: physical and psychological maltreatment, rights’ deprivation and social exclusion that affect the validation of their social identity. Homelessness is certainly an expression of material and economic poverty, but it might also reflect other human and social problems. The aim of this paper is to explore how identity and recognition concepts can be used as a framework to understand homelessness experience more deeply and design effective and innovative public policies.
Keywords: Poverty, homelessness, identity, recognition, public policy
Jel Code: A12, D63, I38

  1. Akerlof G. e Kranton R.E. (2010). Identity Economics: How Our Identities Shape Our Work, Wages, and Well-Being. Princepton: Princeton University Press.
  2. Amore K., Baker M. e Howden-Chapman P. (2011). The ETHOS Definition and Classification of Homelessness: An Analysis. European Journal of Homeless-ness, 5(2): 19-37.
  3. Anderson L. e Snow A. (2001). Inequality and the Self: Exploring Connections from an Interactionist Perspective. Symbolic Interaction, 24(4): 395-406.
  4. Anderson L., Snow D. e Cress D. (1994). Negotiating the Public Realm: Stigma Management and Collective Action Among the Homeless. In: Cahill S. and Lofland L. (Eds.). Research in Community Sociology: The Community of the “Street”. Greenwich: JAI Press, 121-143.
  5. Anker J. (2008). Organizing Homeless People: Exploring the Emergence of a User Organization in Denmark. Critical Social Policy, 28(1): 27-50.
  6. Arnold K. (1996). Homelessness and the Struggle for Recognition. The European Legacy, 1(2): 83-835.
  7. Avonto C. e Cortese C. (2015). Vento di cambiamento. L’Housing First nelle Linee di indirizzo per i contrasto alla grave emarginazione adulta in Italia. In: Cortese C. (a cura di). Scenari e pratiche dell’Housing First. Una nuova via dell’accoglienza per la grave emarginazione adulta in Italia. Milano: Fran-coAngeli: 65-76.
  8. Barnao C. (2004). Sopravvivere in strada. Elementi di sociologia della persona senza dimora. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  9. Bauman Z. (2005). Vite di scarto. Roma-Bari: Laterza.
  10. Bergamaschi M., Castrignanò M. e De Rubertisi P. (2014). The Homeless and Pub-lic Space: Uban Policy and Exclusion in Bologna. Revenue Interventions économiques, 51: 1-20.
  11. Bonadonna F. (2005). Il nome del barbone. Vite di strada e povertà estreme in Italia. Roma: Derive e Approdi.
  12. Boydell K., Goering P. e Morell-Bellai T. (2000). Narratives of Identity: Representation of Self in People Who are Homeless. Qualitative Health Research, 10(1): 26-38., DOI: 10.1177/104973200129118228
  13. Breeze B. e Dean J. (2012). Pictures of Me: User Views on Their Representation in Homelessness Fundraising Appeals. International Journal of Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Marketing, 17(2): 132-143.
  14. Brubaker R. e Cooper F. (2000). Beyond Identity. Theory and Society, 29(1): 1-47., DOI: 10.1023/A:1007068714468
  15. Busch-Geertsema V. (2010). Defining and Measuring Homelessness. In: O’Sullivan E., Busch-Geertsema V., Quilgars D. and Pleace N. (a cura di). Homelessness Research in Europe. Bruxelles: FEANTSA, 19-39.
  16. Chamberlain C. e Johnson G. (2011). Pathways into Adult Homelessness. Journal of Sociology, 49(1): 60-77., DOI: 10.1177/1440783311422458
  17. Cloke P., May J. e Johnsen S. (2010). Swept Up Lives?: Re-envisioning the Home-less City. Wiley-Blackwell.
  18. Colozzi I. (2015). L’attuazione del principio di sussidiarietà nei servizi alla persona: problemi e prospettive. Politiche Sociali e Servizi, 7-15.
  19. Corrigall-Brown C., Snow A., Smith K. e Quist T. (2009). Explaining the Puzzle of Homeless Mobilization: An Examination of Differential Participation. Sociological Perspectives, 52(3): 309-335.
  20. Crespi F. (2004). Identità e riconoscimento nella sociologia contemporanea. Roma-Bari: Laterza.
  21. Cress D. (1997). Nonprofit Incorporation among Movements of the Poor: Pathways and Consequences for Homeless Social Movement Organizations. The Sociological Quarterly, 38(2): 343-360.
  22. Cress D. e Snow A. (1996). Mobilization at the Margins: Resources, Benefactors, and the Viability of Homeless Social Movement Organizations. American Sociological Review, 61(6): 1089-1109.
  23. Cress D. e Snow A. (2000). The Outcome of Homeless Mobilization: The Influence of Organization, Disurption, Political Mediation, and Framing. American Sociological Review, 105(4): 1063-1104., DOI: 10.1086/210399
  24. DeVerteuil G., May J. e Von Mahs J. (2009). Complexity not Collapse: Recasting the Geographies of Homelessness in a ‘Punitive’ Age”. Progress in Human Geography 33(5): 646-666., DOI: 10.1177/0309132508104995
  25. Di Nicola P. (2011). Welfare societario e diritti di cittadinanza. Autonomie Locali e Servizi Sociali, 2: 199-211., DOI: 10.1447/35568
  26. ISTAT (2015). Le persone senza dimora. Anno 2014, dicembre. Roma.
  27. Doherty J., Busch-Geertsema V., Karpuskiene V., Korhonen J., O’Sullivan E., Sahlin I., Tosi A., Petrillo A. e Wygnańska J. (2008). Homelessness and Exclusion: Regulating Public Space in European Cities. Survellance&Society 5(3): 290-314.
  28. Falvo R., Capozza D., Di Bernardo G. e Pagani A. (2015). Can Imagined Contact Favor the “Humanization” of the Homeless?. Testing, Psychometrics, Method-ology in Applied Psychology, 22(1): 23-30., DOI: 10.4473/TPM22.1.2
  29. Farrugia (2011a). Homeless Youth Managing Relationships: Reflexive Intersubjectivity and Inequality. Young 19(4): 357-373., DOI: 10.1177/110330881101900401
  30. Farrugia D. (2011b). The Symbolic Burden of Homelessness: Towards a Theory of Youth Homelessness as Embodied Subjectivity. Journal of Sociology, 47(1): 71-87., DOI: 10.1177/1440783310380989
  31. Farrugia D. e Gerrard J. (2016). Academic Knowledge and Contemporary Poverty: The Politics of Homelessness Research. Sociology, 50(2): 267-284., DOI: 10.1177/0038038514564436
  32. Feldman L. (2004). Citizens without Shelter. Homelessness, Democracy, and Political Exclusion. United States: Cornell University Press.
  33. Fitzpatrick S. (2012). Homelessness. In: Clapham D., Clark W., Gibb K., a cura di, The Sage Handbook of Housing Studies, London: Sage Publishing: 359-378.
  34. Fitzpatrick S. (2005). Explaining Homelessness: A Critical Realistic Perspective. Housing Theory and Society, 22(1): 1-17., DOI: 10.1080/14036090510034563
  35. Florian E. and Cavalieri G. (1900). I vagabondi. Studio sociologico-giuridico, Vol. II. Torino: Bocca.
  36. Fopp R. e Parker S. (2004). The Voice of People Who are Homelessness: Some Consideration. Parity, 17(9): 13-14.
  37. Gaboardi M. e Santinello M. (2015). Empowerment e Capabilities Approach: chia-vi di lettura dei principi di Housing First. In: Cortese C. (a cura di). Scenari e pratiche dell’Housing First. Una nuova via dell’accoglienza per la grave emarginazione adulta in Italia, Milano: FrancoAngeli, 150-164.
  38. Gerrard J. e Ferrugia D. (2015). The ‘Lamentable Sight’ of Homelessness and the Society of Spectacle. Urban Studies, 52(12): 2219-2233.0042098014542135.
  39. Gleason P. (1983). Identifying Identity: A Semantic History. The Journal of American History, 69(4): 910-931., DOI: 10.2307/1901196
  40. Gosme L. (2014). Key Steps Towards a European Union Homelessness Policy. Journal of European Social Policy, 24(3): 289-299.0958928714525816.
  41. Gowan T. (2010). Hobos, Hustler and Backsliders: Homeless in San Francisco. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
  42. Granaglia E. e Bolzoni M. (2016). Il reddito di base. Roma: Ediesse.
  43. Hodgetts D., Hodgetts A. e Radley A. (2006). Life in the Shadow of the Media: Imaging Street Homelessness in London. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 9(4): 497-516., DOI: 10.1177/1367549406063166
  44. Hoffman L. e Coffey B. (2008). Dignity and Indignation: How People Experiencing Homelessness View Services and Providers. The Social Science Journal, 45: 207-222.
  45. Honneth A. (2002). Lotta per il riconoscimento. Milano: Il Saggiatore.
  46. Horsell C. (2015). A Politics of Compassion: Informing a New Social Policy for Homelessness? International Social Work, 1-10., DOI: 10.1177/0020872815594228
  47. Klodawsky F., Farrell S. e D’Aubry T. (2002). Images of Homelessness in Ottawa: Implications for Local Politics. The Canadian Geography, 46(2): 126-143.
  48. Knecht T. e Martinez L. (2009). Humanizing the Homeless: Does Contact Erode Stereotypes?. Social Science Research, 3: 521-534.
  49. ISTAT (2011). I servizi alle persone senza dimora. Anno 2011, Novembre. Roma.
  50. La Valle D. (2005). Riconoscimento e identità. Prima della sociologia. Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia, 46(3): 447-478., DOI: 10.1423/20431
  51. Lancione M. (2011). Homeless Subjects and the Chance of Space: A More-than-Human Geography of Homelessness in Turin. Tesi dottorato, Durham Universi-ty.
  52. Lancione M. (2014a). Assemblages of Care and the Analysis of Public Policies on Homelessness in Turin, Italy. City 18(1): 25-40.13604813.2014.868163.
  53. Lancione M. (2014b). Entanglements of Faith: Discourses, Practices of Care and Homeless People in an Italian City of Saints. Urban Studies, 51(14): 3062-3078., DOI: 10.1177/0042098013514620
  54. Lancione M. (2016). Beyond Homelessness Studies. European Journal of Home-lessness, 10(3): 163-176.
  55. Lee B., Tyler K. e Wright J. (2010). The New Homelessness Revisited. Annual Review of Sociology, 36(1): 501-521.
  56. Lister R. (2002). A Politics of Recognition and Respect: Involving People with Experience of Poverty in Decision Making that Affects Their Lives. Social Pol-icy and Society, 1(1): 37-46., DOI: 10.1017/S1474746402001069
  57. McCarthy L. (2013). Homelessness and Identity: A Critical Review of the Litera-ture and Theory. People, Place and Policy, 7(1): 46-58.ppp.0007.0001.0004.
  58. McNaugton C. (2009). Agency, Transgression and the Causation of Homelessness: A Contextualised Rational Action Analysis. International Journal of Housing Policy, 9(1): 69-84., DOI: 10.1080/14616710802693607
  59. Meanwell E. (2012). Experiencing Homelessness: A Review of Recent Literature. Sociology Compass, 6(1): 72-85.
  60. Meo A. (2000). Vite in bilico. Sociologia della reazione a eventi spiazzanti. Napoli: Liguori Editore.
  61. Miller A. e Keys C. (2001). Understanding Dignity in the Lives of Homeless Persons. American Journal of Community Psychology, 29(2): 331-354., DOI: 10.1023/A:1010399218126
  62. Min E. (Ed.) (1999), Reading the Homeless: Communication Theory and Public Policy. Westport, CT: Praeger.
  63. Ministero del Lavoro e delle Politiche Sociali (2008). Senza dimora - Storie, vissuti, aspettative delle persone senza dimora in cinque aree metropolitane. Quaderni della ricerca sociale, n. 10.
  64. Ministero del Lavoro e delle Politiche Sociali (2015). Linee di indirizzo per il contrasto alla grave emarginazione adulta in Italia.
  65. Minnery J. e Greenhalgh E. (2007). Approaches to Homelessness Policy in Europe, the United States, and Australia. Journal of Social Issues, 63(3): 641-655.
  66. Mitchell D. (1997). The Annihilation of Space by Law: The Roots and Implications of anti-homeless Laws in the United States. Antipode, 29(3): 303-335., DOI: 10.1111/1467-8330.00048
  67. Mori A. (2015). Outsourcing Public Services: Local Government in Italy, England and Denmark. In: Drahokoupil J. (Ed.). The Outsourcing Challenge: Organiz-ing Workers Across Fragmented Production Networks, Brussels: ETUI, 137-155.
  68. Morozzo della Rocca P. (2009). La giurisprudenza e l’homelessness. In: Gnocchi R. (a cura di) Homelessness e dialogo interdisciplinare. Analisi e confronto tra modelli diversi. Roma: Carrocci, 97-129.
  69. Morrison Z. (2010). On Dignity. Social Inclusion and the Politics of Recognition. Social Policy Working Paper n. 12. The Centre for Public Policy, Melbourne.
  70. OECD (2015). Integrating Social Services for Vulnerable Groups. Bridging Sectors for Better Service Delivery. Parigi: OECD.
  71. OECD Affordable Housing Database (2017). Homeless Population, OECD – So-cial Policy Division. -- http://www.oecd.org/els/family/HC3-1-Homeless-population.pdf.
  72. Osborne R. (2002). “I May be Homeless, but I’m Not Helpless”: The Costs and Benefits of Identifying with Homelessness. Self and Identity, 1: 43-52., DOI: 10.1080/152988602317232795
  73. Parker J. (2012). Self-Concepts of Homeless People in an Urban Setting: Processes and Consequences of the Stigmatized Identity. Dissertation, Georgia State University.
  74. Parsell C. (2011). Homeless Identities: Enacted and Ascribed. The British Journal of Sociology, 62(3): 442-461.
  75. Parsell C. e Parsell M. (2012). Homelessness as a Choice. Housing, Theory and Society, 29(4): 420-434., DOI: 10.1080/14036096.2012.667834
  76. Pascale C. (2005). There’s no Place Like Home: The Discursive Creation of Homelessness. Cultural Studies, 5(2): 250-268., DOI: 10.1177/1532708605274558
  77. Philippot P., Lecocq C., Sempoux F., Nactergael H. e Galand B. (2007). Psycho-logical Research on Homelessness in Western Europe: A Review from 1970 to 2001. Journal of Social Issues, 63(3): 483-504.
  78. Pizzorno A. (2007). Il velo della diversità. Studi su razionalità e riconoscimento. Milano: Feltrinelli.
  79. Porcellana V. e Campagnaro C. (2015), Posso entrare? Spazi domestici e oggetti quotidiani in un progetto di HF. In: Cortese C. (a cura di). Scenari e pratiche dell’Housing First. Una nuova via dell’accoglienza per la grave emarginazione adulta in Italia, Milano: FrancoAngeli, 177-191.
  80. Radely A., Hodgetts D. e Cullen A. (2005). Visualizing Homelessness: A Study in Photography and Estrangement. Journal of Community and Applied Psycholo-gy, 15: 273-295.
  81. Ravenhill M. (2008). The Culture of Homelessness. Ashgate: Aldershot.
  82. Rayburn R. e Guittar N. (2013). “This is Where You are Supposed to Be”: How Homeless Individuals Cope with Stigma. Sociological Spectrum, 33: 159-174., DOI: 10.1080/02732173.2013.732876
  83. Ricoeur P. (2005). Percorsi del riconoscimento. Milano: Raffaello Cortina Editore.
  84. Robinson C. (2011). Beside One’s Self: Homelessness Felt and Lived. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.
  85. Schweiger G. (2013). Recognition and Social Exclusion: A Recognition-Theoretical Exploration of Poverty in Europe. Ethical Perspectives 20(4): 529-554., DOI: 10.2143/EP.20.4.3005349
  86. Schneider B. (2014). Achieving Citizenship and Recognition Through Blogging about Homelessness. Journal of Arts and Humanities, 3(8): 79-89.
  87. Schneider B., Chamberlain K. e Hodgetts D. (2010). Representations of Homeless-ness in Four Canadian Newspapers: Regulation, Control and Social Order. The Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 37(4): 147-172.
  88. Schweiger G. (2015). Recognition and Poverty. Eidos n. 22, 143-168.
  89. Sciolla L. (2010). L’identità a più dimensioni. Il soggetto e la trasformazione dei legami sociali. Roma: Ediesse.
  90. Sciolla L. (2007). Dimenticare l’identità o le concezioni riduzioniste dell’identità? Note sulle oscillazioni di un concetto. La società degli individui, 29(2): 33-45.
  91. Sciolla L. (1983). Teorie dell’identità. In: Sciolla L. (a cura di). Identità. Percorsi di analisi in sociologia, Torino: Rosenberg & Sellier, 7-59.
  92. Seal M. (Ed.) (2007). Understanding and Responding to Homeless Experiences, Identities and Cultures. Russell House Publishing.
  93. Shinn M. (2010). Homelessness, Poverty and Social Exclusion in the United States and Europe. European Journal of Homelessness, 4: 18-44.
  94. Snow D. e Anderson L. (1987). Identity Work among the Homeless: The Verbal Construction and Avowal of Personal Identities. American Journal of Sociolo-gy, 92(6): 1336-1371.
  95. Snow D. e Anderson L. (1993). Down on Their Luck: A Study of Homeless Street People. University of California Press.
  96. Snow D. e Mulcahy M. (2001). Space, Politics, and the Survival Strategies of the Homeless. American Behavioural Scientist, 45(1): 149-169.00027640121956962.
  97. Snow A., Soule S. e Cress D. (2005). Identifying the Precipitants of Homeless Protest across 17 U.S. Cities, 1980 to 1990. Social Forces, 83(3): 1183-1210.
  98. Somerville P. (1992) Homelessness and the Meaning of Home: Rooflessness or Rootlessness? International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 16(4): 529-539.
  99. Somerville P. (2013). Understanding Homelessnes. Housing, Theory and Society, 30(4): 384-415., DOI: 10.1080/14036096.2012.756096
  100. Sparti D. (2008). L’imperativo del riconoscimento. Tre modi di problematizzare un concetto. Quaderni di Teoria Sociale, 8: 69-96.
  101. Taylor C. (1999). La politica del riconoscimento. In: Habermas J. e Taylor C. Mul-ticulturalismo. Lotte per il riconoscimento. Milano: Feltrinelli: 19-62.
  102. Toro P. (2007). Toward an International Understanding of Homelessness. Journal of Social Issues, 63(3): 461-481.
  103. Tosi A. (2007). Homelessness and the Control of Public Space. Criminalizing the Poor? European Journal of Homelessness, 1: 225-236.
  104. Tosi Cambini S. (2004). Gente di sentimento. Per un’antropologia delle persone che vivono in strada. Roma: Leonardo Pasiere.
  105. Toso S. (2016). Reddito di cittadinanza. O reddito minimo?. Bologna: il Mulino.
  106. Tsemberis S. (2010). Housing First: The Patways Model to End Homelessness for People with Mental Illness and Addiction. Minneapolis: Hazelden.
  107. Zufferey C. e Kerr L. (2004). Identity and Everyday Experiences of Homelessness: Some Implications for Social Work. Australian Social Work 57(4): 343-353.
  108. Wagner D. e Cohen M. (1991). The Power of the People: Homeless Protesters in the Aftermath of Social Movement Participation. Social Problems, 38(4): 543-561., DOI: 10.2307/800570
  109. Wagner D. e Cohen M. (1992). Acting on Their Own Behalf: Affiliation and Polit-ica Mobilization among Homeless People. The Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 19(4): 21-40.
  110. Wasserman J. e Clair J. (2011). Housing Patterns of Homeless People: The Ecology of the Street in the Era of Urban Renewal. Journal of Contemporary Eth-nography, 40(1): 71-101., DOI: 10.1177/0891241610388417
  111. Watson J. e Cuervo H. (2017). Youth Homelessness: A Social Justice Approach. Journal of Sociology, 53(2): 461-475., DOI: 10.1177/1440783317705204
  112. Whiteford M. (2008). Street Homelessness and The Architecture of Citizenship. People, Place and Policy, 2(2): 88-110.
  113. Williams J. C. (2005). The Politics of Homelessness: Shelter Now and Political Protest. Political Research Quarterly, 58(3): 497-509., DOI: 10.2307/3595618
  114. Wollmann H. (2014). Public Services in European Countries: Between Pub-lic/Municipal and Private Sector Provision – and Reverse. In: Nunes Silva C. and Bucek J. (Eds.). Fiscal Austerity and Innovation in Local Governance in Europe. Routledge, 51-71.
  115. Wright T. (1997). Out of Place: Homeless Mobilizations, Subcities and Contested Landscapes. State University of New York Press.

Veronica Polin, in "ECONOMIA PUBBLICA " 3/2017, pp. 91-117, DOI:10.3280/EP2017-003004

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content