The article focuses on the role of the environment in community recovery processes after a natural disaster, and therefore on the impact of the transformations in the phase following the first emergency. What are the effects, sometimes irreversible, that the earthquake produces on the social relations within the communities, on the relations between them with wider social systems and the environment? To what extent can the emergency management and the postemergence phase accentuate the impact of seismic events? What is the potential role of local and supra-local networks in producing responses to the risks of spatial fragmentation of the population and declining of the affected areas? After a brief introduction, the first part of the text is dedicated to a theoretical explanation of the terms of the problem of community recovery, with particular regard to environmental dimensions and reference to the contributions of international literature. In the second part we will try to answer the above questions starting from a case study, in which the authors were directly involved in socio-psychological support to a community of the other Macerata, hit by the Central Italy’s earthquakes in 2016.
Keywords: Community recovery, citizens' participation, emergency psychological support, earthquakes.