Click here to download

In the shadow of the volcano
Journal Title: TERRITORIO 
Author/s: Valerio Cutini, Valerio Di Pinto 
Year:  2018 Issue: 85 Language: Italian 
Pages:  14 Pg. 134-147 FullText PDF:  1845 KB
DOI:  10.3280/TR2018-085016
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


This paper focuses on the urban agglomeration that has been growing up on the western side of Vesuvius, a few kilometres from Naples. In view of the dimension of the agglomeration and of the spontaneous and unplanned way it has been growing, the purpose is to investigate the actual role that Vesuvius has gone assuming in the genesis of the area, affecting its urban self-organization. This research applies space syntax to analyse the grid configuration of the settlement in order to discuss how Vesuvius has been interiorized in the spatial choices of the local communities. Three major results are expected from the findings: to examine the actual resilience of the whole agglomeration; to analyse the configurational state of the system in order to pinpoint possible actions for risk mitigation; to evaluate how risk from natural hazard is spontaneously mitigated in self-organized urban spaces.
Keywords: Vesuvius; configurational analysis; natural hazards

  1. Abshirini E., Koch D., 2017, «Resilience, Space Syntax and Spatial Interfaces: the case of River cities». ITU J Faculty Arch., 14: 25-41.
  2. Al-Sayed K., Turner A., Hillier B., Iida S., Penn A., 2014 (4th Edition), Space Syntax Methodology. London: Bartlett School of Architecture, ucl.
  3. Barbieri F., Zuccaro G., 2004, Somma Vesuvio MESIMEX – 2004/393427: Final Technical Implementation Report. Roma: ec. -- http://ec.europa.eu/echo/files/policies/prevention_preparedness/mesimex.pdf (accessed on 2018.02.13).
  4. Barnes K., 2011, «Europe’s ticking time bomb». Nature, 473: 140-141., DOI: 10.1063/PT.5.025301
  5. Carpenter A., 2013, «Disaster resilience and the social fabric of space». In: Kim Y.O., Park H.T., Seo K.W. (eds.), Proceedings of the 9th International Space Syntax Symposium. Seoul: Sejong University Press.
  6. Castillo M.M., 2013, «Urban Patterns and Disaster Risk». In: Kim Y.O., Park H.T., Seo K.W. (eds.), Proceedings of the 9th International Space Syntax Symposium. Seoul: Sejong University Press.
  7. Conroy Dalton N.S., 2010, «Synergy, Intelligibility and Revelation in neighbourhood places». London: University College of London (doctoral thesis). -- http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/1334117/1/1334117.pdf (accessed on 2018.02.13).
  8. Cutini V., 1999, «Configuration and Movement. A Case Study on the Relation between Movement and the Configuration of the Urban Grid».
  9. In: Rizzi P. (ed.), CUPUM ‘99 Computers in Urban Planning and Urban Management. On the edge of the millenium. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference, Venice 1999. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  10. Cutini V., 2013, «The city when it trembles. Earthquake destructions, post-earthquake reconstruction and grid configuration». In: Kim Y.O., Park H.T., Seo K.W. (eds.), Proceedings of the 9th International Space Syntax Symposium. Seoul: Sejong University Press.
  11. Cutini V., 2016, «Motorways in Metropolitan Areas: The Northwestern Growth of Florence and the Urban Use of Motorway A1». International Journal of Geo-Information, 77: 1-18.
  12. Cutini V., Di Pinto V., 2015, «On the slopes of Vesuvius: Configuration as a thread between hazard and opportunity». In: Karimi K., Vaughan L., Sailer K., Palaiologou G., Bolton T. (eds.), Proceedings of the 10th International Space Syntax Symposium. London: Space Syntax Laboratory, The Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London.
  13. Cutter S.L., Boruff B.J., Shirley W.L., 2003, «Social Vulnerability to Environmental Hazards». Social Science Quarterly, 84: 242-261., DOI: 10.1111/1540-6237.840200
  14. Esposito A., 2016, «Assessing impacts of flood events in urban areas to understand the resilience of the urban system». Napoli: Università degli Studi di Napoli ‘Federico II’ (tesi di dottorato). -- www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/11099 (ultimo accesso 2018.02.13).
  15. Esposito A., Di Pinto V., 2014, «Urban resilience and risk assessment. How urban layout affects flood risk in the city». Guimarães, 30 giugno-3 luglio (contributo presentato a: ICCSA 2014 - The 14th International Conference on Computational Science and its Applications), DOI: 10.1109/ICCSA.2014.4
  16. Esposito A., Di Pinto V., 2015, «The calm after the storm. The configurational approach to manage flood risk in river-cities». In: Karimi K., Vaughan L., Sailer K., Palaiologou G., Bolton T. (eds.), Proceedings of the 10th
  17. International Space Syntax Symposium. London: Space Syntax Laboratory, The Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London Fischler M.A., Firscheim O., 1987, Intelligence: the Eye, the Brain, and the Computer. Reading (Ma): Addison Wesley.
  18. Galderisi A., 2014, «Urban resilience: A framework for empowering cities in face of heterogeneous risk factors». ITU J Faculty Arch., 11: 36-58.
  19. Gil J., Steinbach P., 2008, «From flood risk to indirect flood impact: evaluation of street network performance for effective management, response and repair». In: Proverbs D., Brebbia C.A., Penning-Roswell
  20. E. (eds.), Proceedings of FRIAR 2008. Southampton: Wessex Institute of Technology Press.
  21. Hillier B., 1999, «The common language of space: a way of looking at the social, economic and environmental functioning of cities on a common basis». Journal of Environmental Sciences, 11: 344-349.
  22. Hillier B., 1996, Space is the machine. A configurational theory of architecture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  23. Hillier B., Hanson J., 1984, The Social Logic of Space. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  24. Hillier B., Hanson J., Graham H., 1987, «Ideas are in Things: An Application of the Space Syntax Method to Discovering House Genotypes».
  25. Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, 14: 363-385.
  26. Hillier B., Iida S., 2005, «Network effects and psychological effects: A theory of urban movement». In: van Nes A. (ed.), Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Space Syntax. Amsterdam: Techne Press.
  27. Hillier B., Penn A., Hanson J., Grajewski T., Wu J., 1993, «Natural Movement: or, Configuration and Attraction in Urban Pedestrian Movement».
  28. Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, 20: 29-66.
  29. Hillier B., Turner A., Yang T., Park H.T., 2010, «Metric and topo-geometric properties of urban street networks: some convergences, divergences and new results». The Journal of Space Syntax, 1: 258 – 279.
  30. Jha A., Miner T., Stanton-Geddes Z., 2013, Building Urban Resilience: Principles, Tools and Practice. Washington D.C.: World Bank Publications.
  31. Koch D., Carranza P.M., 2013, «Syntactic resilience». In: Kim Y.O., Park H.T., Seo K.W. (eds.), Proceedings of the 9th International Space Syntax Symposium. Seoul: Sejong University Press.
  32. Marcus L., Colding J., 2014, «Toward an integrated theory of spatial morphology and resilient urban systems». Ecology and Society, 19: 55.
  33. Mohareb N.I., 2011, «Emergency evacuation model: accessibility as a starting point». In: Proceedings of the ICE (Institution of Civil Engineers) – Urban Design and Planning, 164: 215–224.
  34. Mohareb N.I, 2009, «Emergency Evacuation Model for Urban Places: Accessibility Model Framework». Parigi, 24-26 giugno (contributo presentato a: International Conference on Applied Social Modeling and Simulation - ICASMS).
  35. Papathoma-Köhle M., Gems B., Sturm M., Fuchs S., 2017, «Matrices, curves and indicators: A review of approaches to assess physical vulnerability to debris flows». Earth-Science Reviews, 171: 272-288.
  36. Paton D., 2003, «Disaster preparedness: a social-cognitive perspective». Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 12: 210-216., DOI: 10.1108/09653560310480686
  37. Paton D., Johnston D., 2006, Disaster Resilience: an Integrated Approach. Springfield (Il): Charles C. Thomas.
  38. Paul A., 2013, «A syntactic approach to identifying land-use influence on vehicular movement: the case of Lubbock». International Journal of Urban Sciences, 17: 71-84., DOI: 10.1080/12265934.2013.766500
  39. Pelling M., 2003, The Vulnerability of Cities: Natural Disasters and Social Resilience. New York: Earthscan.
  40. Penchev G., 2016, «Using Space Syntax For Estimation Of Potential Disaster Indirect Economic Losses». Comparative Economic Research, 19: 125-141.
  41. Penn A., Hillier B., Banister D., Xu j., 1998, «Configurational modelling of urban movement networks». Environment and Planning B: Planning & Design, 25: 59-84.
  42. Porta S., Crucitti P., Latora V., 2006a, «The network analysis of urban streets: a primal approach». Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, 33: 705-725.
  43. Porta S., Crucitti P., Latora V., 2006b, «The network analysis of urban streets: a dual approach». Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 369: 853-866.
  44. Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri – Dipartimento della Protezione Civile, 1995, Piano Nazionale d’emergenza dell’Area Vesuviana.
  45. Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri – Dipartimento della Protezione Civile, 2006, Piano di allontanamento definitivo - Rapporto finale.
  46. Ratti C., 2004, «Urban texture and space syntax: some inconsistencies». Environment and Planning B: Planning & Design, 31: 487-499.
  47. Salingaros N., 2005, Principles of Urban Structure. Amsterdam: Techne Press.
  48. Sari F., Kubat A.S., 2012, «Syntactic properties of evacuation and access routes in earthquake vulnerable settlements». In: Greene M., Reyes J., Castro A. (eds.), Proceedings of the 8th International Space Syntax Symposium. Santiago de Chile: PUC.
  49. Turner A., 2005, «An algorithmic definition of the axial map». Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 32: 425-444.
  50. Turner A., 2004, Depthmap 4: a researcher’s handbook. London: Bartlett School of Graduate Studies, University College London.
  51. Turner A., 2001, «Angular Analysis». In: Peponis J., Wineman J., Bafna S. (eds.), Proceedings of the 3rd International Space Syntax Symposium. Atlanta: Georgia Institute of Technology.
  52. Varoudis T., 2012, «DepthmapX Multi-Platform Spatial Network Analysis Software, Version 0.30 OpenSource». -- http://archtech.gr/varoudis/depthmapX (accessed on 2018.02.13).

Valerio Cutini, Valerio Di Pinto, In the shadow of the volcano in "TERRITORIO" 85/2018, pp. 134-147, DOI:10.3280/TR2018-085016

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content