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Gender differences in business survival: evidence on migrant entrepreneurship
Titolo Rivista: MONDI MIGRANTI 
Autori/Curatori: Mario Lucchini, Egidio Riva 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2018 Fascicolo: Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  20 P. 149-168 Dimensione file:  296 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MM2018-002008
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This paper draws on a longitudinal dataset of 165,515 firms that were economically active between 1997 and 2012 in Milan (Italy) to study gender dif-ferences in business survival within and between different eighteen groups, formed on the basis of the country of birth of the entrepreneurs. Kaplan-Meier estimates and piecewise-constant exponential hazard models show that, holding a set of individual and business covariates constant, the risk of business closure is always higher for female single proprietors. The highest gender differences in business survival are found among entrepreneurs born in Bangladesh, Morocco, and Sene-gal. Conversely, for female single proprietors born in Italy and China median sur-vival time and the risk of business closure are quite similar to those of their male counterparts.

Questo studio utilizza i dati relativi all’universo delle ditte individuali (N=165,515) che sono state attive a Milano e provincia tra il 1997 e il 2012 per studiare le disparità di genere che vi sono, quanto alla mortalità di impresa, entro e tra 18 gruppi etnici. Le analisi condotte, mediante lo stimatore di Kaplan-Meier e modelli di regressione esponenziale “piecewise-constant”, indicano che, controllando per una serie di caratteristiche del titolare di impresa e dell’impresa stessa, il rischio di mortalità è più elevato tra le ditte individuali a titolarità femminile. I differenziali di genere più elevati si riscontrano tra le ditte individuali il cui titolare è nato in Bangladesh, Morocco, and Senegal. Per contro, tra le ditte individuali i cui titolari sono nati in Italia e Cina non si riscontrano sostanziali disparità di genere in merito ai tempi mediani e i tassi di sopravvivenza.
Keywords: Imprese immigrate; disparità di genere; mortalità di impresa; tempi di sopravvivenza.

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Mario Lucchini, Egidio Riva, Le disparità di genere nella mortalità di impresa in "MONDI MIGRANTI" 2/2018, pp. 149-168, DOI:10.3280/MM2018-002008

   

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