Clicca qui per scaricare

La genitorialità al di là delle sbarre. Una disamina della recente letteratura
Titolo Rivista: RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA  
Autori/Curatori: Emanuela Saita, Miriam Fanciullo 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2018 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  20 P. 457-476 Dimensione file:  65 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RIP2018-003009
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Riassunto L’esperienza di detenzione ha una valenza traumatica per il detenuto, ma anche per i suoi familiari che subiscono la lacerazione dei rapporti affettivo-sentimentali. Ancor più compromesso è il rapporto genitore-figli, per l’impatto sia sui vissuti connessi al ruolo genitoriale sia sul benessere fisico, psichico e sociale dei figli. Si tratta dunque di un problema complesso, che muove interrogativi di tipo clinico-sociale ed etico, in assenza di chiare e condivise indicazioni trattamentali. Sono stati consultati database elettronici alla ricerca di studi pubblicati negli ultimi 20 anni. Nella revisione sistematica della letteratura qui presentata sono state analizzate le risultanze di 27 articoli sul tema della genitorialità in esperienze di detenzione pubblicati tra il 1998 e il 2018. Le questioni trattate dagli articoli possono essere sintetizzate in tre nuclei tematici: (i) i figli e le tipologie di rischio in seguito alla carcerazione di uno o entrambi i genitori; (ii) i soggetti reclusi, la percezione ed i vissuti circa il proprio ruolo genitoriale; (iii) il legame e le variabili relative all’esperienza detentiva che minacciano la qualità del rapporto genitorefigli. Data l’esiguità della letteratura scientifica su questo argomento, si ritiene il lavoro un punto di partenza per riflessioni e ricerche future.


Keywords: Carcere, genitorialità, relazione genitore-figlio, fattori di rischio, programmi di prevenzione.

  1. Aaron, L., & Dallaire, D.H. (2010). Parental Incarceration and Multiple Risk Experiences: Effects on Family Dynamics and Children’s Delinquency. J YouthAdolescence, 39, 1471-1484.
  2. Saita, E. (2018). Penitentiary Institution. Transforming Processes and Well-Being. World Futures, 1-5., 10.1080/02604027.2018.1445909DOI: 10.1080/02604027.2018.1445909
  3. Baldwin, L. (2017). Motherhood disrupted: Reflections of post-prison mothers. Emotion, Space and Society, 26, 49-56.
  4. Barr, R., Morin, M., Brito, N., Richeda, B., Rodriguez, J., & Shauffer, C. (2014). Delivering Services to Incarcerated Teen Fathers: A Pilot Intervention to Increase the Quality of Father-Infant Interactions During Visitation. Psychological Services, 11, 10-21.
  5. Baradon, T., Fonagy, P., Bland, K., Lénárd, K., & Sleed, M. (2008). New Beginnings–an experience-based programme addressing the attachment relationship between mothers and their babies in prisons. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 34, 240-258., 10.1080/00754170802208065DOI: 10.1080/00754170802208065
  6. Blencowe, H., Cousens, S., Oestergaard, M. Z., Chou, D., Moller, A.B., Narwal, R., Adler, A., Garcia, C.V., Rohde, S., Say, L., & Lawn, J.E. (2012). National, regional, and worldwide estimates of preterm birth rates in the year 2010 with time trends since 1990 for selected countries: a systematic analysis and implications, The Lancet, 379, 2162-2172., 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60820-4DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60820-4
  7. Bocknek, E.L., Sanderson, J., & Britner, P.A. (2009). Ambiguous Loss and Posttraumatic Stress in School-Age Children of Prisoners. J Child Fam Stud, 18, 323-333.
  8. Borelli, J.L., Goshin, L., Joestl, S., Clark, J., & Byrne, M.W. (2010). Attachment organization in a sample of incarcerated mothers: Distribution of classifications and associations with substance abuse history, depressive symptoms, perceptions of parenting competency and social support. Attachment, Human Development, 12, 355-374., 10.1080/14616730903416971DOI: 10.1080/14616730903416971
  9. Byrne, M.W., Goshin, L. S., & Joestl, S.S. (2010). Intergenerational transmission of attachment for infants raised in a prison nursery. Attachment, Human Development, 12, 375-393., 10.1080/14616730903417011DOI: 10.1080/14616730903417011
  10. Cassidy, J., Ziv, Y., Stupica, B., Sherman, L.J., Butler, H., Karfgin, A., Cooper, G., Hoffman, K.T., & Powell, B. (2010). Enhancing attachment security in the infants of women in a jail-diversion program, Attachment, Human Development, 12, 333-353., 10.1080/14616730903416955DOI: 10.1080/14616730903416955
  11. Chambers, A.N. (2009). Impact of Forced Separation Policy on Incarcerated Postpartum Mothers. Policy, Politics, Nursing Practice, 10, 204-211., 10.1177/1527154409351592DOI: 10.1177/1527154409351592
  12. Cigoli, V. (1197). Intrecci familiari. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  13. Clemmer, D. (1958). Prison Community. San Diego: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.
  14. Eloff, I., & Moen, M. (2003). An analysis of mother-child interaction patterns in prison. Early Child Development and Care, 173, 711-720., 10.1080/0300443032000103070.DOI: 10.1080/0300443032000103070.
  15. Fenaroli, V., & Saita, E. (2013). Fear of Childbirth: a Contribution to the Validation of the Italian Version of the Wijma Delivery Expenctancy/Experience Questionnaire (WDEQ). TPM: Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, 20, 131-154., 10.4473/TPM20.2.3DOI: 10.4473/TPM20.2.3
  16. Fenaroli, V., Molgora, S., Malgaroli, M., & Saita, E. (2017), La transizione alla maternità e paternità: traiettorie di benessere e disagio psichico, Giornale italiano di psicologia, 2, 407-424., 10.1421/87347DOI: 10.1421/87347
  17. Folk, J.B., Dallaire, D.H., Nichols, E.B., & Loper, A.B. (2012). Evaluating the Content and Reception of Messages From Incarcerated Parents to Their Child r e n . American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 82, 529-541.
  18. Geller, A., Cooper, C. E., Garfinkel, I., Schwartz-Soicher, O., & Mincy, R.B. (2012). Beyond absenteeism: Father incarceration and child development. Demography, 49, 49-76.
  19. Geller, A., & Crosnoe, R. (2013). Paternal Incarceration and Father-Child Contact i n Fr agi l e Fami l i e s . J Marriage Fam, 75, 1288-1303.
  20. Houck, K.D.F., & Loper, A.B. (2002). The Relationship of Parenting Stress to Adjustment Among Mothers in Prison. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 72, 548-558., 10.1037//0002-9432.72.4.548DOI: 10.1037//0002-9432.72.4.548
  21. Kearney, J. A., & Byrne, M. W. (2018). Reflective Functioning in Criminal Justice Involved Women Enrolled in a Mother/baby Co-residence Prison Intervention Program. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 32, 517-523.
  22. Kruger, S., Priebe, S., Fritsch, R., & Mundt, A.P. (2017). Burden of separation and suicide risk of prisoners with minor children. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 52, 55-61.
  23. Landreth, G.L., & Lobaugh, A.F. (1998). Filial Therapy with incarcerated fathers: effects on parental acceptance of child, parental stress and child adjustment. Journal of Counseling and Development, 76, 157.
  24. Loper, A. B., Carlson, L. W., Levitt, L., & Scheffel, K. (2009). Parenting stress, alliance, child contact, and adjustment of imprisoned mothers and fathers. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 48, 483-503., 10.1080/10509670903081300DOI: 10.1080/10509670903081300
  25. Loper, A.B., Phillips, V., Nichols, E.B., & Dallaire, D.H. (2014). Characteristics and Effects of the Co-parenting Alliance between Incarcerated Parents and Child Caregivers. J Child Fam Stud, 23, 225-241.
  26. Loper, A.B., & Tuerk, E.H. (2011). Improving the Emotional Adjustment and Communication Patterns of Incarcerated Mothers: Effectiveness of a Prison Parenting Intervention. J Child Fam Stud, 20, 89-101.
  27. Mazza, C. (2002). And then the world fella part: The children of incarcerated fathers. Families in Society, 83, 521-530.
  28. Murray, J., & Farrington, D.P. (2008). Parental imprisonment: Long-lasting effects on boys’ internalizing problems through the life course. Development and Psychopathology, 20, 273-290., 10.1017/S0954579408000138DOI: 10.1017/S0954579408000138
  29. Nichols, E.B., & Loper, A.B. (2012). Incarceration in the Household: Academic Outcomes of Adolescents with an Incarcerated Household Member. J Youth Adolescence, 41, 1455-1471.
  30. Phillips, S.D., Burns, B.J., Wagner, H.R., & Barth, R.P. (2004). Parental Arrest and Children Involved With Child Welfare Services Agencies. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 74, 174-18., 10.1037/0002-9432.74.2.174DOI: 10.1037/0002-9432.74.2.174
  31. Poehlmann, J. (2005). Incarcerated mothers’ contact with children, perceived family relationships, and depressive symptoms. Journal of Family Psychology, 19, 350., 10.1037/0893-3200.19.3.350DOI: 10.1037/0893-3200.19.3.350
  32. Poehlmann, J. (2005). Representations of attachment relationships in children of incarcerated mothers. Child Development, 76, 679-696.
  33. Poehlmann-Tynan, J., Burnson, C., Runion, H., & Weymouth, L.A. (2017). Attachment in young children with incarcerated fathers. Development and Psychopathology, 29, 389-404., 10.1017/S0954579417000062DOI: 10.1017/S0954579417000062
  34. Scudder, A.T., McNeil, C.B., Chengappa, K., & Costello, A.H. (2014). Evaluation of an existing parenting class within a women’s state correctional facility and a parenting class modeled from Parent-Child interaction Therapy. Children and Youth Services Review, 46, 238-247.
  35. Shlafer, R.J., & Poehlmann, J. (2010). Attachment and caregiving relationships in families affected by parental incarceration. Attachment, Human Development, 12, 395-415., 10.1080/14616730903417052DOI: 10.1080/14616730903417052
  36. Sleed M., Baradon, T., & Fonagy, P. (2013). New Beginnings for mothers and babies in prison: A cluster randomized controlled trial. Attachment, Human Development, 15, 349-367., 10.1080/14616734.2013.782651DOI: 10.1080/14616734.2013.782651
  37. Smith, A., Krisman, K., Strozier, A.L., & Marley, M.A. (2004). Breaking Through the Bars: Exploring the Experiences of Addicted incarcerated parents whose children are cared for by relatives. Families in Society, 85, 187-196., 10.1606/1044-3894.329DOI: 10.1606/1044-3894.329
  38. Swanson, C., Lee, C., Sansone, F.A., & Tatum, K.M. (2012). Prisoners’ Perceptions of Father-Child Relationships and Social Support. Am J Crim Just, 37, 338-355. DOI 10.1007/s12103-011-9132-4.
  39. Tuerk, E.H., & Loper, A.B. (2006). Contact Between Incarcerated Mothers and Their Children. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 43, 23-43.
  40. Wijma, K., Wijma, B., & Zar, M. (1998). Psychometric aspects of the W-DEQ; a new questionnaire for the measurement of fear of childbirth. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics, Gynecology, 19, 84-97.

Emanuela Saita, Miriam Fanciullo, in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 3/2018, pp. 457-476, DOI:10.3280/RIP2018-003009

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche