The siege of Gaeta was the last act of the Risorgimento dated to 1861. In the approximately one hundred and fifty days of the con-flict, consumed from November 1860 to February 1861, the Bourbon monarchy redeemed the honor of the lost dynasty and Kingdom and, in the epic, raised the story of the Southern Kingdom from the plane of history to that of myth. Gaeta constituted the perfect scenario from which to start the history of the defeated: the siege configured the political-ideological scaffolding that justified the resistance and found its natural expression in the new official newspaper of the government in exile. The Gazzetta di Gaeta was the main instrument through which the Bourbon authority affirmed the reasons and arguments of the war of southern legitimism. In the newspaper the chronicle of the Bourbon Antirisorgimento intertwined with the identifying and symbolic materials typical of the lost cause. The article intends to reconstruct the story by proposing three possible lines of interpretation: the representation of government and monarchy, the perception of war and the portrait of the enemy.
Keywords: Lost Cause, Two Sicilies, Siege of Gaeta