Childhood obesity is a challenging health problem for the Global Health Agenda. The soci-ologie pour l’obésité tackles the topic critically and to focus particularly on the public dis-course of obesity as an epidemic. By adopting this approach, this work focuses on building the vocabulary of childhood obesity and the role and responsibilities of health professionals. In the first part, childhood obesity is treated as an example of the medicalization of the Global Health Agenda; in the second, the author proposes the analysis of the guidelines and recommendations for childhood obesity. The result of this double analysis allows to conclude that despite prevention and treatment of childhood obesity are in fact available to all, health professionals are able to maintain their professional jurisdiction thanks to a system of medicalization that unequally distributes responsibilities.
Keywords: Chiave: obesità pediatrica; medicalizzazione; professionisti sanitari; salute globale; linee guida; epidemia;