Innovative start-up is a tool to transform knowledge in new innovative products/services. Only during the last years, the Italian Government has launched a policy to support the innovative start-up process. Nevertheless, little attention is given to those environmental features that foster this creative process. Using the start-up register of Unioncamere and the new territorial disaggregation of travel-to-work areas (Istat), we investigate the spatial distribution of innovative start-ups and the elements that affect their birth and location. Our descriptive analysis shows that innovative start-ups locate mostly in large and largemedium urban areas in the North of Italy. This depends on the variety of activities and specializations that these urban contexts offer, the co-location of particular actors like universities and incubators and on the trade openness of the urban economy.
Keywords: Start-up Innovative, Travel-to-Work Areas, Economic Performance
Jel Code: L26, M13, R11, O33