The paper by Giovanni Liotti titled "Contemporary psychoanalysis and the problem of motivation" is discussed. This paper was drafted for the Special Issue n. 3/2016 dedicated to the 50th Anniversary of the journal Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, which is being reprinted. In this paper Liotti discusses the theory of motivation, a theme that characterized his line of research for his entire life. It is argued, in agreement with Liotti, that one of the main reasons for the crisis of psychoanalysis is the fact the Freudian drive theory has not been adequately reformulated in the light of the recent advances of cognitive-evolutionary psychology and neurosciences.
Keywords: Giovanni Liotti; Crisis of Psychoanalysis; Theory of Motivation; Multi-Motivational Theories; Cognitive-Evolutionary Psychology; Drive.