The Poles started to pay particular attention to events on the Italian peninsula at the beginning of 1848. The man, who during the Spring of Nations continually expressed interest in Italian affairs, was the Polish national bard, Adam Mickiewicz. Anticipating a war with Austria, he wanted to create a Polish legion under its own flag, a legion that would also attract the other Austrian Slavs. The Polish conservative camp of prince Adam Jerzy Czartoryski also got involved in Italian affairs. He developed his activity in Sardinia and Lombardy. When assessing the military contribution of Poles to the fighting on the Italian peninsula, one should emphasize that the Poles were present on all fronts. However, after the defeat, a significant segment of Italian public opinion blamed the Polish generals Wojciech Chrzanowski and Ludwik Mieroslawski for the defeat. The events of the Spring of Nations generally changed the view of the Poles. At this point a negative stereotype of Poles began to form. Conservatives and liberals both viewed Polish emigrants negatively, seeing in them the carriers of revolutionary ideas and the destroyers of order.
Keywords: Spring of Nations (1848-49), the Polish Great Emigration, Polish-Italian relations.