Clicca qui per scaricare

Approcci affermativi e rilevanza del minority stress nel counseling psicologico con persone LGBT: una revisione della letteratura internazionale
Titolo Rivista: PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE 
Autori/Curatori: Cristiano Scandurra, Fabrizio Mezza, Paolo Valerio, Roberto Vitelli 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2019 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  26 P. 67-92 Dimensione file:  143 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PU2019-001004
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


L’acronimo LGBT viene utilizzato per indicare una vastissima gamma di individui - lesbiche, gay, bisessuali, transgender - che, nonostante intuibili differenze legate a diversi orientamenti sessuali e identità di genere, possono essere considerati come classe omogenea in ragione delle specifiche esigenze e delle peculiarità dei percorsi di sviluppo contrassegnati spesso da vissuti di stigmatizzazione e discriminazione. Negli ultimi anni è sensibilmente aumentata la richiesta di aiuto psicologico da parte delle persone appartenenti a tale fascia della popolazione, e ciò rende tanto più necessaria la definizione di obiettivi e strategie di intervento da considerare in tali casi. Il presente contributo intende evidenziare aspetti peculiari, criticità e contesti operativi connessi all’intervento psicologico-clinico affermativo con persone LGBT, con particolare riferimento all’ambito professionale del counseling.


Keywords: LGBT; Counseling Psicologico; Minority Stress; Approccio Affermativo; Stigma

  1. Kronner H.W. (2013). Use of self-disclosure for the gay male therapist: The impact on gay males in therapy. Journal of Social Service Research, 39, 1: 78-94., 10.1080/01488376.2012.686732DOI: 10.1080/01488376.2012.686732
  2. Lebolt J. (1999). Gay affirmative psychotherapy: A phenomenological study. Clinical Social Work Journal, 27, 4: 355-370., 10.1023/A:1022870129582DOI: 10.1023/A:1022870129582
  3. Lingiardi V. & McWilliams N., editors (2017). Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual, Second Edition: PDM-2. New York: Guilford (trad. it.: Manuale Diagnostico Psicodinamico. Seconda Edizione: PDM-2. Milano: Raffaello Cortina, 2018).
  4. Lingiardi V. & Nardelli N. (2014). Linee-guida per la consulenza psicologica e la psicoterapia con persone lesbiche, gay e bisessuali. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  5. Lingiardi V., Nardelli N. & Drescher J. (2015). New Italian lesbian, gay and bisexual psychotherapy guidelines: A review. International Review of Psychiatry, 27, 5: 405-415., 10.3109/09540261.2015.1064875DOI: 10.3109/09540261.2015.1064875
  6. Logan C.R. & Barret R. (2006). Counseling competencies for sexual minority clients. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 1, 1: 3-22.
  7. American Counseling Association (2014). ACA code of ethics. Alexandra, VA: ACA.
  8. American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Washington, D.C.: APA (trad. it.: DSM-5. Manuale diagnostico e statistico dei disturbi mentali. Quinta edizione. Milano: Raffaello Cortina, 2014).
  9. Mair D. (2003). Gay men’s experiences of therapy. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research Journal, 3, 1: 33-41., 10.1080/14733140312331384608DOI: 10.1080/14733140312331384608
  10. Meyer I.H. (1995). Minority stress and mental health in gay men. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 36, 1: 38-56., 10.2307/2137286DOI: 10.2307/2137286
  11. Meyer I.H. (2003). Prejudice, social stress, and mental health in lesbian, gay and bisexual populations: Conceptual issues and research evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 5: 674-697., 10.1037/0033-2909.129.5.674DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.129.5.674
  12. American Psychological Association (2002). Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
  13. Meyer-Bahlburg H.F. (2010). From mental disorder to iatrogenic hypogonadism: Dilemmas in conceptualizing gender identity variants as psychiatric conditions. Archives Sexual Behavior, 39, 2: 461-476.
  14. American Psychological Association (2009). Report of the Task Force on Appropriate Therapeutic Responses to Sexual Orientation. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. -- Internet: www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/therapeutic-response.pdf.
  15. American Psychological Association (2012). Guidelines for psychological practice with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients. American Psychologist, 67, 1: 10-42.
  16. Miano Borruso M. (2002). Hombre, mujer y muxé. En el istmo de tehuantepec. Ciudad de Mexico: Plaza y Valdés (Instituto Nacional de Antropología y Historia [INAH]).
  17. Miano Borruso M. (2011). Muxé et femminielli: Genre, sexe, sexualité et culture. Journal des Anthropologues, 124/125: 179-198.
  18. American Psychological Association (2015). Guidelines for psychological practice with transgender and gender nonconforming people. American Psychologist, 70, 9: 832-864.
  19. Amodeo A.L., Esposito C., Bochicchio V., Valerio P., Vitelli R., Bacchini D. & Scandurra C. (2018a). Parenting desire and minority stress in lesbians and gay men: A mediation framework. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15, 10: 2318e.
  20. Mink M., Lindley L. & Weinstein A. (2014). Stress, stigma, and sexual minority status: The intersectional ecology model of LGBTQ health. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 26, 4: 502-521., 10.1080/10538720.2014.953660DOI: 10.1080/10538720.2014.953660
  21. Moore J. & Jenkins P. (2012). “Coming out” in therapy? Perceived risks and benefits of self-disclosure of sexual orientation by gay and lesbian therapists to straight clients. Counselling & Psychotherapy Research, 12, 4: 308-315., 10.1080/14733145.2012.660973DOI: 10.1080/14733145.2012.660973
  22. Murphy J.A., Rawlings E.I. & Howe S.R. (2002). A survey of clinical psychologists on treating lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 33, 2: 183-189., 10.1037/0735-7028.33.2.183DOI: 10.1037/0735-7028.33.2.183
  23. Nemoto T. Operario D., Keatley J., Han L. & Soma T. (2004). HIV risk behaviors among male-to-female transgender persons of color in San Francisco. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 7:1193-1199., 10.2105/AJPH.94.7.119DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.94.7.119
  24. Amodeo A.L., Picariello S., Valerio P. & Scandurra C. (2018b). Empowering transgender youths: Promoting resilience through a group training program. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 22, 1: 3-19., 10.1080/19359705.2017.1361880DOI: 10.1080/19359705.2017.1361880
  25. Nemoto T., Sausa L.A., Operario D. & Keatly J. (2006). Need for HIV/AIDS education and intervention for MTF transgenders: Responding to challenge. Journal of Homosexuality, 51, 1: 183-202.
  26. Pachankis J.E. & Goldfried M.R. (2013). Clinical issues in working with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 1, S: 45-58., 10.1037/2329-0382.1.S.45DOI: 10.1037/2329-0382.1.S.45
  27. Amodeo A.L., Vitelli R., Scandurra C., Picariello S. & Valerio P. (2015). Adult attachment and transgender identity in the Italian context: Clinical implications and suggestions for further research. International Journal of Transgenderism, 16, 1: 49-61., 10.1080/15532739.2015.1022680DOI: 10.1080/15532739.2015.1022680
  28. Balsam K.F., Molina Y., Beadnell B., Simoni J. & Walters K. (2011). Measuring multiple minority stress: The LGBT People of Color Microaggressions Scale. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 17, 2: 163-174.
  29. Bayer R (1981). Homosexuality and American psychiatry: The politics of diagnosis. New York: Basic Books.
  30. Bertone C. (2009). Le omosessualità. Roma: Carocci.
  31. Bieschke K.J., McClanahan M., Tozer E., Grzegorek J.L. & Park J. (2000). Programmatic research on the treatment of lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients: The past, the present, and the course for the future. In: Perez R.M, De Bord K.A & Bieschke K.J., editors, Handbook of Counseling and Psychotherapy with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients. Washington DC: American Psychological Association, 2000, pp. 309-335.
  32. Bockting W.O., Miner M.H., Swinburne Romine R.E., Hamilton A. & Coleman E. (2013). Stigma, mental health, and resilience in an online sample of the US transgender population. American Journal of Public Health, 103, 5: 943-951., 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301241DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301241
  33. Borden L.A., Lopresto C.T., Sherman M.F. & Lyons H.Z. (2010). Perceptions of self-disclosing counselors among lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 42, 2: 54-69., 10.1080/15538605.2010.481958DOI: 10.1080/15538605.2010.481958
  34. Budge S.L. (2015). Psychotherapists as gatekeepers: An evidence-based case study highlighting the role and process of letter writing for transgender clients. Psychotherapy, 52, 3: 287-297.
  35. King M. & McKeown E. (2004). Gay and lesbian identities and mental health. In: Kelleher D. & Leavey G., editors, Identity and Health. London: Routledge, 2004, pp. 149-169.
  36. Burnes T., Singh A., Harper A., Harper B., Maxon-Kann W., Pickering P., Moundas S., Scofield T.R., Roan A. & Hosea J. (2010). American Counseling Association competencies for counseling with transgender clients. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 4, 3/4: 135-159., 10.1080/15538605.2010.524839DOI: 10.1080/15538605.2010.524839
  37. Cochran S.D., Drescher J., Kismodi E., Giami A., García-Moreno C. & Reed G.M. (2014). Proposed declassification of disease categories related to sexual orientation in ICD-11: Rationale and evidence from the Working Group on Sexual Disorders and Sexual Health. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 92, 9: 672-679., 10.2471/BLT.14.135541DOI: 10.2471/BLT.14.135541
  38. Cochran S.D., May V. M. & Sullivan J.G. (2003). Prevalence of mental disorders, psychological distress, and mental health services use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults in the United States. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 1: 53-61., 10.1037/0022-006X.71.1.53DOI: 10.1037/0022-006X.71.1.53
  39. Cohen-Kettenis P.T. & Pfäfflin F. (2010). The DSM diagnostic criteria for gender identity disorder in adolescents and adults. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 2: 499-513.
  40. Cox N., Dewaele A., Van Houtte M. & Vincke J. (2010). Stress-related growth, coming out, and internalized homo-negativity in lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth. An examination of stress-related growth within the minority stress model. Journal of Homosexuality, 58, 1: 117-137., 10.1080/00918369.2011.533631DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2011.533631
  41. Croteau J.M., Bieschke K.J., Fassinger R.E. & Manning J.L. (2008). Counseling psychology and sexual orientation: History, selective trends, and future directions. In: Brown S. & Lent R., editors, Handbook of Counseling Psychology. New York: Wiley, 2008, pp. 194-211.
  42. Drescher J. (2010). Queer diagnoses: Parallels and contrasts in the history of homosexuality, gender variance, and the diagnostic and statistical manual. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 2: 427-460.
  43. Drescher J., Cohen-Kettenis P.T. & Reed G.M. (2016). Gender incongruence of childhood in the ICD-11: Controversies, proposal, and rationale. Lancet Psychiatry, 3, 3: 297-304., 10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00586-6DOI: 10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00586-6
  44. Drescher J., Cohen-Kettenis P.T. & Winter S. (2012). Minding the body: Situating gender diagnoses in the ICD-11. International Review of Psychiatry, 24, 6: 568-577., 10.3109/09540261.2012.741575DOI: 10.3109/09540261.2012.741575
  45. Edwards-Leeper L., Leibowitz S. & Sangganjanavanich V.F. (2016). Affirmative practice with transgender and gender nonconforming youth: Expanding the model. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 3, 2: 165-172.
  46. Gambrill E.D, Stein T.J. & Brown C.E. (1984). Social services use and need among gay/lesbian residents of the San Francisco Bay area. Journal of Social Work and Human Sexuality, 3, 1: 51-69.
  47. Garnets L.D. (2002). Sexual orientations in perspective. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 8, 2: 115-129., 10.1037//1099-9809.8.2.115DOI: 10.1037//1099-9809.8.2.115
  48. Gemignani M. & Giliberto M. (2005). Counseling and psychotherapy in Italy: A profession in constant change. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 27, 2: 168-184.
  49. Gemignani M. & Giliberto M. (2012). A historical, cultural, and indigenous perspective on counseling and psychotherapy in Italy. In: Moodley R., Gielen U. & Wu R., editors, Handbook of Counseling and Psychotherapy in an International Context. New York: Routledge, 2012, pp. 330-341.
  50. Ginicola M., Smith C. & Filmore J.M., editors (2017). Affirmative Counseling with LGBTQI+ People. Alexandra, VA: ACA.
  51. Goodman L.A., Liang B., Helms J.E., Latta R.E., Sparks E. & Weintraub S.R. (2004). Training counseling psychologists as social change agents: Feminist and multicultural principles in action. Counseling Psychologist, 32, 6: 793-837., 10.1177/0011000004268802DOI: 10.1177/0011000004268802
  52. Graglia M. (2012). Omofobia: Strumenti di analisi e di intervento. Roma: Carocci.
  53. Graham S.R., Carney J.S. & Kluck A.S. (2012). Perceived competency in working with LGB clients: Where are we now? Counselor Education and Supervision, 51, 1: 2-16.
  54. Haas A., Eliason M., Mays V.M., Mathy R.M., Cochran S.D., D’Augelli A. & Clayton P. (2010). Suicide and suicide risk in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations: Review and recommendations. Journal of Homosexuality, 58, 1: 10-51., 10.1080/00918369.2011.534038DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2011.534038
  55. Haldeman D. (2001). Counseling gay and bisexual men. In: Brooks G. & Good G., editors, A New Handbook for Counseling Men. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2001, pp. 796-815.
  56. Harper A., Finnerty P., Martinez M., Brace A., Crethar H. C. Loos B., Harper B., Graham S., Singh A., Kocet M., Travis L., Lambert S., Burnes T., Dickey L.M. & Hammer T.R. (2013). Association for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues in Counseling (ALGBTIC) competencies for counseling with lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, questioning, intersex, and ally individuals. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 7, 1: 2-43., 10.1080/15538605.2013.755444DOI: 10.1080/15538605.2013.755444
  57. Hearn B.G. & West-Olatunji C. (2015). Deciding to disclose: The LGBTQ counselor’s unique challenge. VISTAS project (sponsored by the American Counseling Association). -- Internet: www.counseling.org/docs/default-source/vistas/article_742acd23f16116603abcacff0000bee5e7.pdf?sfvrsn=b4db432c_6.
  58. Herdt G. (1993). Third Sex, Third Gender: Beyond Sexual Dimorphism in Culture and History. New York: Zone Books.
  59. Hidalgo M.A., Ehrensaft D, Tishelman A.C., Clark L.F., Garofalo R., Rosenthal S.M., Spack N.P. & Olson J. (2013). The Gender Affirmative Model: What we know and what we aim to learn. Human Development, 56, 5: 285-290., 10.1159/000355235DOI: 10.1159/000355235
  60. Institute of Medicine (IOM) (2011). The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.
  61. Johnson S.D. (2012). Gay affirmative psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals: Implications for contemporary psychotherapy research. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 82, 2: 516-522.
  62. Jones M.A, Botsko M. & Gorman B.S. (2003) Predictors of psychotherapeutic benefit of lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients: the effects of sexual orientation matching and other factors. Psychotherapy, 40, 4: 289-301., 10.1037/0033-3204.40.4.289DOI: 10.1037/0033-3204.40.4.289
  63. Jones M.A & Gabrie M. A. (1999). Utilization of psychotherapy by lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals: Findings from a nationwide survey. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 69, 2: 209-219.
  64. King M., Semlyen J., Killaspy H., Nazareth I. & Osborn D. (2007). A Systematic Review of Research on Counselling and Psychotherapy for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender People. Lutterworth (Leicestershire, UK): British Association for Counseling and Psychotherapy.
  65. Kinsey A.C., Pomeroy W.B. & Martin C.E. (1948). Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders (trad. it.: Il comportamento sessuale dell’uomo. Prefazione di Cesare L. Musatti. Milano: Bompiani, 1950).
  66. Kinsey A.C., Pomeroy W.B., Martin C.E. & Gebhard P.H. (1953). Sexual Behaviour in Human Female. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders (trad. it.: Il comportamento sessuale della donna. Milano: Bompiani, 1955).
  67. Pietrantoni L. & Prati G. (2009). Salute e omosessualità tra vulnerabilità e resilienza. In: Chiari C. & Borghi L., editors, Psicologia dell’Omosessualità: Identità, Relazioni Familiari e Sociali. Roma: Carocci, 2009, pp. 157-168.
  68. Pixton S. (2003). Experiencing gay affirmative therapy: an exploration of clients’ views of what is helpful. Counselling Psychology Review, 3, 3: 211-215., 10.1080/14733140312331384372DOI: 10.1080/14733140312331384372
  69. Rachlin K. (2002) Transgender individuals’ experiences of psychotherapy. The International Journal of Transgenderism, 6, 1-18.
  70. Ratts M.J., Singh A.A., Nassar-McMillan S., Butler S.K. & McCullough J.R. (2016). Multicultural and social justice counseling competencies: Guidelines for the counseling profession. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 44, 1: 28-48.
  71. Reed G.M., Drescher J., Krueger R.B., Atalla E., Cochran S.D., First M.B., Cohen-Kettenis P.T., et al. (2016). Revising the ICD-10 Mental and Behavioural Disorders classification of sexuality and gender identity based on current scientific evidence, best clinical practices, and human rights considerations. World Psychiatry, 15, 3: 205-221.
  72. Remley T.P., Bacchini E. & Krieg P. (2010). Counseling in Italy. Journal of Counseling & Development, 88, 1: 28-32.
  73. Rigliano P., Ciliberto J. & Ferrari F. (2012). Curare i gay? Oltre l’ideologia riparativa dell’omosessualità. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  74. Ross L.E., Dobinson C. & Eady A. (2010). Perceived determinants of mental health for bisexual people: A qualitative examination. American Journal of Public Health, 100, 3: 496-502., 10.2105/AJPH.2008.156307DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2008.156307
  75. Ryden J. & Loewenthal D. (2001). Psychotherapy for lesbians: The influence of therapist sexuality. Counselling Psychology Review, 1, 1: 42-52., 10.1080/14733140112331385248DOI: 10.1080/14733140112331385248
  76. Scandurra C., Amodeo A.L., Bochicchio V., Valerio P. & Frost D.M. (2017a). Psychometric characteristics of the Transgender Identity Survey in an Italian sample: A measure to assess positive and negative feelings towards transgender identity. International Journal of Transgenderism, 18, 1: 53-65., 10.1080/15532739.2016.1241975DOI: 10.1080/15532739.2016.1241975
  77. Scandurra C., Amodeo A.L., Valerio P., Bochicchio V. & Frost D.M. (2017b). Minority stress, resilience, and mental health: A study of Italian transgender people. Journal of Social Issues, 73, 3: 563-585.
  78. Scandurra C., Bacchini D., Esposito C., Bochicchio V., Valerio P. & Amodeo A.L. (2018a). The influence of minority stress, gender, and legalization of civil unions on parenting desire and intention in lesbian women and gay men: Implications for social policy and clinical practice. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, in press., 10.1080/1550428X.2017.1410460DOI: 10.1080/1550428X.2017.1410460
  79. Scandurra C., Bochicchio V., Amodeo A.L., Esposito C., Valerio P., Maldonato N.M., Bacchini D. & Vitelli R. (2018b). Internalized transphobia, resilience, and mental health: Applying the Psychological Mediation Framework to Italian transgender individuals. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15: 508e.
  80. Scandurra C., Braucci O., Bochicchio V., Valerio P. & Amodeo A.L. (2017c). “Soccer is a matter of real men?” Sexist and homophobic attitudes in three Italian soccer teams differentiated by sexual orientation and gender identity. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, in press., 10.1080/1612197X.2017.1339728DOI: 10.1080/1612197X.2017.1339728
  81. Scandurra C., Mezza F., Bochicchio V., Valerio P. & Amodeo A.L. (2017d). La salute degli anziani LGBT dalla prospettiva del minority stress: Rassegna della letteratura e raccomandazioni di ricerca. Psicologia della Salute, 2: 70-96., 10.3280/PDS2017-002004DOI: 10.3280/PDS2017-002004
  82. Scandurra C., Picariello S., Valerio P., Amodeo A.L. (2017e). Sexism, homophobia, and transphobia in a sample of Italian pre-service teachers: The role of socio-demographic features. Journal of Education for Teaching, 43, 2: 245-261., 10.1080/02607476.2017.1286794DOI: 10.1080/02607476.2017.1286794
  83. Singh A. & Shelton K. (2010). A content analysis of LGBTQ qualitative research in counseling: A ten-year review. Journal of Counseling & Development, 89: 217-226.
  84. Sorensen L. & Roberts S.J. (1997). Lesbian uses of and satisfaction with mental health services: results from Boston Lesbian Health Project. Journal of Homosexuality, 33, 1: 35-49.
  85. Soresi S., Nota L. & Ginevra M.C. (2016). Il counseling in Italia: Funzioni, criticità, prospettive e applicazioni. Padova: CLEUP.
  86. Sue D.W. & Sue D. (2008). Counseling the culturally diverse: Theory and practice (5th Edition). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  87. Suprina J. (2009). Association for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues. In: Erford B., editor, The ACA Encyclopedia of Counseling. Alexandra, VA: ACA.
  88. Totman, R. (2003). The Third Sex. Kathoey: Thailand’s Ladyboys. London: Souvenir Press.
  89. Valerio P., Bochicchio V., Mezza F., Amodeo A.L., Vitelli R. & Scandurra C. (2018). Adattamento italiano delle Linee-guida per la pratica psicologica con persone transgender e gender nonconforming dell’American Psychological Association. Napoli: Ordine degli Psicologi della Campania.
  90. Vaillant G.E. (2003). Mental health. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160: 1272-1284 (trad. it.: La salute mentale. Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, 2004, XXXVIII, 4: 465-490).
  91. Van Den Bergh N. & Crisp C. (2004). Defining culturally competent practice with sexual minorities: Implications for social work education and practice. Journal of Social Work Education, 40, 2: 221-238., 10.1080/10437797.2004.10778491DOI: 10.1080/10437797.2004.10778491
  92. Vance S.R., Cohen-Kettenis P.T., Drescher J., Meyer-Bahlburg H.F.L., Pfäfflin F. & Zucker K.J. (2010) Opinions about the DSM Gender Identity Disorder diagnosis: Results from an international survey administered to organizations concerned with the welfare of transgender people. International Journal of Transgenderism, 12, 1: 1-24., 10.1080/15532731003749087DOI: 10.1080/15532731003749087
  93. Vitelli R. (2014). Gender Dysphoria in adults and adolescents as a mental disorder … But, what is a mental disorder? A phenomenological/existential analysis of a puzzling condition. In: Miller B.L., editor, Gender Identity: Disorders, Developmental Perspectives and Social Implications. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2014, pp. 55-90.
  94. Vitelli R. (2015). Adult male-to-female transsexualism: A clinical existential-phenomenological inquiry. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 46, 1: 33-68., 10.1163/15691624-12341284DOI: 10.1163/15691624-12341284
  95. Vitelli R. (2018). Binswanger, Daseinsanalyse and the issue of the unconscious: An historical reconstruction as a preliminary step for a rethinking of Daseinsanalytic psychotherapy. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 49, 1: 1-42., 10.1163/15691624-12341343DOI: 10.1163/15691624-12341343
  96. Vitelli R., Del Castello E., Agnello F., Coppola M., Curti E., Fazzari P., Bruzzese D. & Galletta D. (2011). L’utilizzo dell’MMPI-2 nel processo di assessment di soggetti presentanti una condizione di Disturbo dell’Identità di Genere (DIG). Atti del XII Congresso Nazionale della Sezione di Psicologia Clinica e Dinamica (Catania 16-18 settembre 2011). Torino: Espress Edizioni, 2011, p. 413.
  97. Vitelli R., Gualerzi A. & Quagliarella L. (2016). Disforia di genere in età adulta. Il percorso medico-psicologico: Eleggibilità, comorbilità e preparazione all’iter secondo i nuovi standard di cura. Rivista di Sessuologia, 40, 2: 39-49.
  98. Vitelli R., Scandurra C., Pacifico R., Selvino M.S., Picariello S., Amodeo A.L., Valerio P. & Giami A. (2017). Trans identities and medical practice in Italy: Self-positioning towards gender affirmation surgery. Sexologies, 26, 4: 35-70.
  99. Wakefield J.C. (2004). Realtà e valori nel concetto di disturbo mentale: il disturbo come disfunzione dannosa. Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, XXXVIII, 4: 439-464.
  100. Wakefield J.C. (2005). Il concetto di salute mentale: una critica a Vaillant. Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, XXXIX, 1: 91-96.
  101. Wakefield J.C. (2010). Misdiagnosing normality: Psychiatry’s failure to address the problem of false positive diagnoses of mental disorder in a changing professional environment. Journal of Mental Health, 19, 4: 337-351.
  102. Weinberg G. (1972). Society and the healthy homosexual. New York: Anchor Books.
  103. Worell J. & Remer P. (2003). Feminist Perspectives in Therapy: Empowering Diverse Women. New York: Wiley.
  104. World Health Organization (2018). ICD-11 for Mortality and Morbidity Statistics. -- Internet: https://icd.who.int/browse11/l-m/en#/http%3a%2f%2fid.who.int%2ficd%2fentity%2f411470068.
  105. World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH) (2011). Standards of Carefor the Health of Transsexual,Transgender, and GenderNonconforming People. --Internet: www.wpath.org/media/cms/Documents/Web%20Transfer/SOC/Standards%20of%20Care%20V7%20-%202011%20WPATH.pdf.
  106. Zito E. & Valerio P. (2010). Corpi sull’uscio, identità possibili. Il fenomeno dei femminielli a Napoli. Napoli: Filema.
  107. Zucker K.J. (2010). The DSM diagnostic criteria for gender identity disorder in children. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 2: 477-498.
  108. Zucker K.J., Cohen-Kettenis P.T., Drescher J., Meyer-Bahlburg H.F.L., Pfäfflin F. & Womack W.M. (2013). Memo outlining evidence for change for gender identity disorder in the DSM-5. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42, 5: 901-914.



  1. C. Scandurra, R. Vitelli, N.M. Maldonato, P. Valerio, V. Bochicchio, Une étude qualitative sur le stress minoritaire ressenti par les personnes transgenres et de genre non conforme en Italie in Sexologies /2019 pp. 142, DOI: 10.1016/j.sexol.2019.05.001
  2. Cristiano Scandurra, Fabrizio Mezza, Nelson Mauro Maldonato, Mario Bottone, Vincenzo Bochicchio, Paolo Valerio, Roberto Vitelli, Health of Non-binary and Genderqueer People: A Systematic Review in Frontiers in Psychology 1453/2019 pp. , DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01453
  3. C. Scandurra, R. Vitelli, N.M. Maldonato, P. Valerio, V. Bochicchio, A qualitative study on minority stress subjectively experienced by transgender and gender nonconforming people in Italy in Sexologies /2019 pp. e61, DOI: 10.1016/j.sexol.2019.05.002

Cristiano Scandurra, Fabrizio Mezza, Paolo Valerio, Roberto Vitelli, in "PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE" 1/2019, pp. 67-92, DOI:10.3280/PU2019-001004

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche