Click here to download

Urban stormwater management: a comparison between the british and the italian approaches
Author/s: Riccardo Pasi, Vittore Negretto, Francesco Musco 
Year:  2019 Issue: 125 Language: Italian 
Pages:  21 Pg. 120-140 FullText PDF:  186 KB
DOI:  10.3280/ASUR2019-125006
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

Urban adaptation to climate change asks for a more careful stormwater drainage design and management. In Italy, in those Regions where some stormwater regulation has been enforced, the common approach is built on the concept of ‘hydraulic invariance’. Based on the British urban runoff management policies, the paper identifies some key principles and criteria allowing for a wider implementation of sustainable and resilient urban drainage systems.
Keywords: Hydraulic invariance; adaptation; climate change; SUDS; flood risk

  1. Adger W.N. (2000). Social and ecological resilience: are they related? Progress in Human Geography, 24: 347-364., DOI: 10.1191/03091320070154046
  2. Ashley R., Lundy L., Ward S., Shaffer P., Walker L., Morgan C., Saul A., Wong T. and Moore S. (2013). Water-sensitive urban design: opportunities for the UK. Proceedings of the ICE-Municipal Engineer, 166(2).
  3. Bastien N., Arthur S., Wallis S. and Scholz M. (2010). The best management of SuDS treatment trains: a holistic approach. Water Science and Technology, 61(1), 263-272.
  4. Brenna S. (2012). Effetti ambientali del consumo di suolo. In: Arcidiacono A., Di Simine D., Oliva F., Preglio S., Pileri P. e Salata S., a cura di, Rapporto 2012 CRCS. Roma: INU Edizioni, 28-33.
  5. Butler D. and Davies J. (2000). Urban drainage. E&FN Spon, London, UK., DOI: 10.4324/978020324488
  6. Butler D. and Parkinson J. (1997). Towards sustainable urban drainage. Water Science and Technology, 35(9).
  7. CIRIA (2000). Sustainable urban drainage systems - design manual for Scotland and Northern Ireland. CIRIA Report No. C521. Dundee, Scotland.
  8. Charlesworth S.M., Harker E. and Rickard S. (2003). A review of Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS): a soft option for hard drainage questions? Geography, 88(2): 99-107. -- Testo disponibile al sito: (ultimo accesso: 2 marzo 2018).
  9. DEFRA – Department of Environment and Rural Affairs (2015). Non-statutory technical standards for sustainable drainage systems. Report PB14308. London: DEFRA.
  10. EEA (2016). Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe 2016 – Transforming cities in a changing climate. EEA Report No 12/2016, European Environment Agency (EEA), Copenhagen, Denmark. -- Testo disponibile al sito: (ultimo accesso: 2 marzo 20189.
  11. Ellis J.B. and Lundy L. (2016). Implementing sustainable drainage systems for urban surface water management within the regulatory framework in England and Wales. Journal of Environmental Management, 183.
  12. Fletcher T.D., Shuster W., Hunt W.F., Ashley R., Butler D., Arthur S., Trowsdale S., Barraud S., Semadeni-Davies A., Bertrand-Krajewski J.L., Mikkelsen P.S., Rivard G., Uhl M., Dagenais D. and Viklander M. (2015). SuDS, LID, BMPs, WSUD and more – The evolution and application of terminology surrounding urban drainage. Urban Water Journal, 12(7)., DOI: 10.1080/1573062X.2014.91631
  13. Griffiths J.A. (2017). Sustainable urban drainage. In: Abraham M., ed., Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies. London: Elsevier, 403-410., DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.10203-
  14. Hall M.J. (1984). Urban hydrology. London: Elsevier.
  15. Holling C.S. (1996). Engineering resilience versus ecological resilience. In: Schulze P., ed., Engineering within ecological constraints. Atlanta: National Academy Press, 31-44.
  16. IPCC (2013). Summary for Policymakers. In: Stocker T.F., Qin D., Plattner G.-K., Tignor M., Allen S.K., Boschung J., Nauels A., Xia Y., Bex V. and Midgley P.M., eds., Climate change 2013: The physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  17. ISPRA (2017). Consumo di suolo, dinamiche territoriali e servizi ecosistemici. Rapporto 266/2017. Roma: Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale. Jefferies C., Aitken A., McLean N., Macdonald K. and McKissock G. (1999).
  18. Assessing the importance of urban BMPs in Scotland. Water Science and Technology, 39(12): 403-410., DOI: 10.1016/S0273-1223(99)00327-
  19. La Loggia G., Fontanazza C.M., Freni G., Notaro V., Oliveri E. and Puleo V. (2012). Urban drainage and sustainable cities: how to achieve flood resilient societies? In: Mambretti S. e Brebbia C.A., eds., Urban Water. Southampton: WITPpress., DOI: 10.2495/UW120181
  20. Leopold L.B. (1968). Hydrology for urban planning – A guidebook on the hydrologic effects of urban land use. Geological Survey Circular 554. United States Department of Interior, Geological Survey, 1-18.
  21. Marsalek J. (2005). Evolution of urban drainage from cloaca maxima to environmental sustainability. I Convegno nazionale di Idraulica Urbana, 28-30 settembre 2005, Sant’Agnello (NA). -- Testo disponibile al sito: (ultimo accesso: 2 marzo 2018).
  22. MEA (2005). Ecosystems and human well-being: synthesis. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA). Washington, DC: Island Press.
  23. Musco F. e Zanchini E. (2014). Il clima cambia le città: strategie di adattamento e mitigazione nella pianificazione urbanistica. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  24. Musco F. (2018), Nature Based Solutions. Equilibri, 1.
  25. Pistocchi A. (2001). La valutazione idrologica dei piani urbanistici: un metodo semplificato per l’invarianza idraulica dei piani regolatori generali. Ingegneria Ambientale, 30(7-8): 403-413.
  26. Pitt M. (2008). Learning the lessons of the 2007 floods. London: Cabinet Office.
  27. Pozzer G. (2015). Consumo di suolo e gestione del rischio idraulico: test per l’invarianza idraulica nella pianificazione territoriale. In: Munafò M. e Marchetti M., a cura di, Recuperiamo terreno: analisi e prospettive per la gestione sostenibile della risorsa suolo. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  28. UN (2015). World urbanization prospects: The 2014 revision. United Nations (UN), Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, ST/ESA/SER.A/366.
  29. Welsh Government (2016). Recommended non-statutory standards for Sustainable Drainage (SuDS) in Wales: Designing, constructing, operating and maintaining surface water drainage systems. Cardiff: Welsh Government.
  30. Whelans C., Maunsell H.G. and Thompson P. (1994). Planning and management guidelines for water sensitive urban (residential) design. Department of Planning and Urban Development of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
  31. Wong T.H.F. (2007). Water sensitive urban design: the journey thus far. Australian Journal of Water Resources, 110(3): 213-222., DOI: 10.1080/13241583.2006.1146529
  32. Woods-Ballard B., Wilson S., Udele-Clark H., Illman S., Ashley R. and Kellagher
  33. R. (2015). The SuDS manual. Report C753. London: CIRIA – Construction Industry Research & Information Association.
  34. Chocat B., Krebs P., Marsalek J., Rauch W. and Schilling W. (2001). Urban drainage redefined – From stormwater removal to integrated management. Water Science and Technology, 43(5).

Riccardo Pasi, Vittore Negretto, Francesco Musco, Urban stormwater management: a comparison between the british and the italian approaches in "ARCHIVIO DI STUDI URBANI E REGIONALI" 125/2019, pp. 120-140, DOI:10.3280/ASUR2019-125006


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content