This article proposes an analysis of the extractive model of the on-demand economy platforms. The attention is focused on the emblematic case of Uber in the French context, specifically in the city of Paris. A field inquiry highlights how most of the drivers registered on the platform come from the banlieues and belong to the working-class. Our paper also aims at pointing out the ambition of these workers to a greater level of autonomy and social mobility, in light of the public policies encouraging self-employment and the marketing strategies through which Uber promotes the job as a driver. Nevertheless, the economic and management model of the platform seems to undermine the statute of independence of these workers, compromising the financial equilibrium of their activity. These are the reasons that have led to the organization of some mobilizations and legal actions against the platform, analysed in the concluding section.
Keywords: Platform capitalism, Uber, banlieues, freelance