Click here to download

Epistemological considerations about the border between "open society" and "closed society"
Author/s:  Dario Antiseri 
Year:  2019 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  9 Pg. 43-51 FullText PDF:  191 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SISS2019-001005
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

The paper analyzes different theoretical standpoints related to the concepts of "open society" and "closed society", with a special focus on Popper. Through an in-depth analysis of the most important works of the Austrian philosopher, it is possible to understand the relationship between the fallibility of human knowledge and the openness of the society. Our awareness of the epistemic limits of human thinking can lead to the formation and promotion of open and democratic societies. Particular attention is to be paid toward those philosophical systems that can, even unintentionally, promote an authoritarian society by assuming the political and historical development as necessary.
Keywords: Open society; closed society; knowledge; democracy.

  1. Hayek F.A. (1945). The use of knowledge in society. The American economic review, 35(4): 519-530 (trad. it.: L’uso della conoscenza nella società. In: Conoscenza, mercato, pianificazione. Bologna: il Mulino, 1988).
  2. Hoffmann B., Dukas H. e Bergmann P.G. (1973). Albert Einstein: creator and rebel. Physics Today, 26, 53 (trad. it.: Albert Einstein: creatore e ribelle. Milano: Garzanti, 1977).
  3. Kelsen H. (1955-56). Foundations of Democracy. Ethichs, 66 (trad. it.: La democrazia. Bologna: il Mulino, 1981).
  4. Marcuse H., Popper K.R. & Der Bayerische Rundfunk (1971). Revolution oder Reform?: Herbert Marcuse und Karl Popper, eine Konfrontation; [vollständiger und erweiterter Text einer Fernsehdokumentation des Bayerischen Rundfunks vom 5.1. 1971]. Kösel (trad. it.: K.R. Popper e H. Marcuse, Rivoluzione o riforme? Roma: Armando, 1977).
  5. Platone. Critone (trad. it. di G. Reale. Milano: Bompiani, 2000).
  6. Popper K.R. (1934). Logik der Forschung. Zur Erkenntnistheorie der modernen Naturwissenschaft. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck Verlag (trad. it.: Logica della scoperta scientifica. Torino: Einaudi, 1970).
  7. Popper K.R. (1945). The Open Society and Its Enemies (trad. it.: La società aperta e i suoi nemici. Roma: Armando, 1973).
  8. Popper K.R. (1956). The History of Our Time: An Optimist’s View (in: Congetture e confutazioni. Bologna: il Mulino, 1972).
  9. Popper K.R. (1962). Conjectures And Refutations. The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. New York and London: Basic Books (trad. it.: Congetture e confutazioni. Lo sviluppo della conoscenza scientifica. Bologna: il Mulino, 1972).
  10. Popper K.R. (1963). Science: problems, aims, responsibilities. Federation Proceeding of the American Societies for Experimental Biology, 4,1 (trad. it.: Problemi, scopi e responsabilità della scienza. Scienza e filosofia. Torino: Einaudi, 1969).
  11. Popper K.R. (1963b). Facts, Standards, and Truth: A Further Criticism of Relativism, Addendum in The Open Society and its Enemies (in: Addenda a La società aperta e i suoi nemici, vol. 2. Roma: Armando, 1996).
  12. Popper K.R. (1972). Objective Knowledge: An Evolutionary Approach. Oxford: Clarendon Press (trad. it.: Conoscenza oggettiva. Roma: Armando, 1975).
  13. Popper K.R. (1976). Unended Quest: An Intellectual Autobiography. London and New York: Routledge (trad. it.: La ricerca non ha fine. Autobiografia intellettuale. Roma: Armando, 1997).
  14. Popper K.R. (1983). Postscript to the logic of scientific discovery.[1]. Realism and the aim of science. Rowman & Littlefield (trad. it.: Poscritto alla logica della ricerca scientifica. I: Il realismo e lo scopo della scienza. Milano: il Saggiatore, 1984).
  15. Popper K.R. e Lorenz K. (1985). Die Zukunft ist offen. Munich and Zurich: Piper (trad. it.: Il futuro è aperto, Milano: Bompiani, 1989).
  16. Popper K.R. e Condry J. (1994). Cattiva maestra televisione. Roma: Donzelli.
  17. Ryle G. (1947). Reviewed Work(s): The Open Society and its Enemies. By K.R. Popper. Mind, Vol. 56, No. 222: 167-172.
  18. Tucidide (V secolo a.C.). La guerra del Peloponneso, Libro 2 (trad. it. di E. Savino. Milano: Garzanti, 1984).

Dario Antiseri, Epistemological considerations about the border between "open society" and "closed society" in "SICUREZZA E SCIENZE SOCIALI" 1/2019, pp. 43-51, DOI:10.3280/SISS2019-001005


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content