One of the most qualifying aspects of the urban health approach is its ability to consider the effects on the quality of life and on individual cultural and social opportunities in a multidimensional reality. Urbanization is now a structural and cross-sectional phenomenon (in 2014 more than half of the world population lived in cities and by 2050 it is estimated to exceed 2/3) with epidemiological effects important as much as those related to demographic aging. The impact of urbanization on health is now evident in many studies that consider the possible epidemiological consequences of city life. Risks for the health related to the urban environment are today an issue, such as non-communicable diseases (cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, diabetes) and infectious diseases, typical of peripheral and degraded city areas. The organization of city life and its specific structures also influence other risk factors, including exposure to environmental pollution, road safety, domestic accidents and stress and social isolation effects as mental illness.
Keywords: Urban health; social diseases; sociology of health; urban sociology; city; urbanism