Click here to download

Migration between desire and fear of the home: Experiences of women migrants from Turkey in Italy
Journal Title: MONDI MIGRANTI 
Author/s: Gül Ince Beqo 
Year:  2020 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  19 Pg. 185-203 FullText PDF:  199 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MM2020-001010
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


Based on the analysis of interviews with Turkish and Kurdish migrant families from Turkey, this article aims to contribute to the debate on gender role and ex-pectations in the migration context, focusing attention on migration from Turkey to Italy. The results of this research indicate that traditional gender family relation-ships determine particularly the pre-migration phase: the decision on when to move, who should migrate first and length of the stay abroad are determined often by men. However, gender relations and expectations change in the migratory con-text. Geographically being far from the extended families, especially from those of their husband, the migration experience seems to give more rights to the women to take part in family decisions. An interesting finding was, the word "transfor-mation", in the ambit of family relations in the migration context, was given a negative connotation by men while women often attached positive connotation to the same word. The findings indicate that, ties with the sending country have different impacts on men’s and women’s future plans. For many women, ties with the country of origin mean the relationship with in-laws and their interference in marriage may be harmful for the marital relationship. On the other hand, for men, ties may corre-spond to social pressure of the local community for those who return without in-come or savings. Therefore, women and men produce different strategies about returning: while men cannot wait to have enough money to go back to their home in Turkey, women try to feel (and make their family feel) at home in Italy. .
Keywords: Migration from Turkey; women migrants; gender; family ties; extended families; roles and expectations

  1. Ambrosini M. e Cominelli C. (2005). Un’assistenza senza confini. Welfare ‘leggero’, famiglie in affanno, aiutanti domiciliari immigrate. Milano: Fondazione Ismu – Osservatorio regionale per l’integrazione e la multietnicità – Regione Lombardia.
  2. Ambrosini, M. (2013). Irregular migration and invisible welfare. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  3. Bever S.W. (2002). Migration and the transformation of gender roles and hierarchies in Yucatan. Urban Anthropology and Studies of Cultural Systems and World Economic Development, 31, 2: 199-230.
  4. Boccagni P. (2017). Migration and the Search for Home, Mapping Domestic Space in Migrants’ Everyday Lives. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  5. Bonizzoni P. (2014). Immigrant working mothers reconciling work and childcare: the experience of Latin American and Eastern European women in Milan. Social politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society, 21, 2: 194-217;
  6. Bonizzoni P. (2012). Here or there? Shifting meanings and practices in mother-child relationships across time and space. International migration, advanced on line publication;
  7. Bonizzoni P. (2009). Living together again: Families surviving Italian immigration policies. International Review of Sociology, 19, 1: 83-101;, DOI: 10.1080/03906700802613954
  8. Bonizzoni P. (2007). Famiglie transnazionali e ricongiunte: per un approfondi-mento nello studio delle famiglie migranti. Mondi Migranti, 2: 91-108.
  9. Boyd M. e Grieco E.M. (2003). Women and migration: incorporating gender into international migration theory; -- http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/women-and-migration-incorporating-gender-international-migration-theory.
  10. De Haan A. (2000). Migrants, Livelihoods, and Rights: The Relevance of Migration in Development Policies. Social Development Working Paper, 4: 1-39.
  11. Güveli A., Ganzeboom H., Platt L., Bernhard N., Baykara-Krumme H., Eroglu S., Bayrakdar S., Sozeri E. e Spierings N. (2016). Intergenerational consequences of migration: socio-economic, family and cultural patterns of stability and change in Turkey and Europe. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  12. Hondagneu-Sotelo P. e Avila E. (1997). “I’m here, but I’m there”: The meanings of Latina transnational motherhood. Gender and Society, 11, 5: 548-571.
  13. Hoang A.L. (2009). Gender identity and agency in migration decision-making: Evidence from Vietnam, Asia Research Institute, Working Paper Series, n. 115.
  14. Huls E. (2000). Power in Turkish migrant families. Discourse & Society, 11, 3: 345-372; -- http://www.jstor.org/stable/42888321?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents;, DOI: 10.1177/0957926500011003004
  15. Gu J.-C. (2013). Interviewing immigrants and refugees. Reflexive engagement with research subjects. In: Gold J.S. e Nawyn S.J., eds., Routledge International Handbook of Migration Studies. Routledge: Taylor & Francis Group;, DOI: 10.4324/9781315458298
  16. Morokvašić M. (1984) Birds of passage are also women. International Migration Review, 18, 4: 886-907;, DOI: 10.1177/019791838401800402
  17. Nauck B. (2001). Intercultural contact and intergenerational transmission in immigrant families. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 2: 159-173;, DOI: 10.1177/0022022101032002004
  18. Nauck B. (1989). Intergenerational relationships in families from Turkey and Germany. European Sociological Review, 5, 3: 251-274;
  19. Parrenas R. (2005). Long distance intimacy: class, gender and intergenerational relations between mothers and children in Filipino transnational families. Global Networks, 5: 317-336.
  20. Phalet K. e Güngör D. (2009). Cultural continuity and discontinuity in Turkish immigrant families: extending the model of family change. In: Bekman S. e Aksu-Koc A., a cura di, Perspectives of Human Development, Family and Culture (pp. 241-262). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  21. Phalet K. e Schönpflug U. (2001). Intergenerational transmission of collectivism and achievement values in two acculturation contexts: the case of Turkish families in Germany and Turkish and Moroccan families in the Netherlands. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32: 186-201.
  22. Purkis S. (2019). Invisible Borders of the City for the Migrant Women from Turkey: Gendered Use of Urban Space and Place Making in Cinisello-Milan. International Migration&Integration, 20: 261-278;
  23. Schwalbe M.L. and Wolkomir M. (2003). Interviewing men. In: Holstein J.A. e Gubrium J.F., eds., Inside Interviewing: New Lenses, New Concerns. Sage Publications;
  24. Tognetti M. (2016). Donne e processi migratori tra continuità e cambiamento. Paradoxa, x, 3: 105-214; -- https://boa.unimib.it/retrieve/handle/10281/140154/199036/PARADOXATognetti2016.pdf.
  25. Yabiku S.T., Agadjanian V. e Sevoyan A. (2010). Husbands’ labour migration and wives’ autonomy. Population Studies, 64, 3: 293-306.
  26. Zvonkovic A., Greaves K., Schmiege C. e Hall L. (1996). The marital construction of gender through work and family decisions: A qualitative analysis. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 58: 91-100.

Gül Ince Beqo, Migration between desire and fear of the home: Experiences of women migrants from Turkey in Italy in "MONDI MIGRANTI" 1/2020, pp. 185-203, DOI:10.3280/MM2020-001010

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content