The article aims to compare the ways two different countries, China and Italy, enact similar legal and administrative tools to regulate internal migrations. To this end, it analyses the logics and mechanisms that regulate people’s movement within the national space. More specifically, the study conducted here focuses on the systems of control of residency acting in the two countries. In this way, it contributes to migration studies and border studies by showing that restricting internal migrations prevents the access to welfare. People lacking residency are more vulnerable and precarious in labour market and in their lives.
Keywords: Residency, internal borders, mechanisms of migration control, restrictions to welfare access, civic stratification, urban-rural migrations