Click here to download

Women "doing selfies": reflexivity and norm negotiation in the production and circulation of digital self-portraits
Journal Title: SOCIOLOGIA E POLITICHE SOCIALI 
Author/s: Chiara Piazzesi , Catherine Lavoie Mongrain 
Year:  2019 Issue: Language: English 
Pages:  17 Pg. 95-111 FullText PDF:  235 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SP2019-003005
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


Selfies are a specific, wide-spread form of self-expression on social networking sites. Media, specialists and general discourse have criticized this form of digital visual culture, usually characterized as narcissistic and superficial. Criticism is particularly harsh when selfie-takers are women. In order to question this dismissive conception of women’s practices as self-centered and naïve, our paper provides insights into women’s motivation, attitudes, experiences and strategies while "doing selfies". Our discussion is based on a 2-year qualitative study on a small sample Canadian women taking and sharing selfies. We argue that "doing selfies" is a carefully reflected practice, involving awareness of social norms of acceptability and visibility for women’s bodies, as well as direct and indirect experience of implications of exposure and connection-building online.
Keywords: Selfies; Social Networking Sites; Reflexivity; Norm Negotiation; Women.

  1. Cunningham, C. 2013. Introduction. In Id. (ed.), Social Networking and Impression Management. Lanham et al.: Lexington Books, pp. 6-16.
  2. Dobson, A. S., Robards, B., and Carah, N. 2018. Introduction. In Dobson, A. S., Robards, B., and Carah, N. (ed.). Digital Intimate Publics and Social Media. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. xix- xxviii.
  3. Agger, B. 2012. Oversharing: Presentation of Self in the Internet Age. New York: Routledge.
  4. Balleys, C. 2017. L’incontrôlable besoin de contrôle. Les performances de la féminité par les adolescentes sur YouTube. Genre, sexualité & société, 17.
  5. Bolton, A., Pole, C., Mizen, P. 2001. Picture This: Researching Child Workers. Sociology, 35, 2, pp. 501-518.
  6. Banet-Weiser, S. 2018. Empowered. Popular Feminism and Popular Misogyny. Durham, London, Duke University Press.
  7. Bordo, S. 1993. Unbearable Weight. Feminism, Western Culture, and the Body. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  8. Brighenti, A. 2007. Visibility. A Category for the Social Sciences. Current Sociology, 55, 3, pp. 323-342.
  9. — 2010. Visibility in Social Theory and Social Research. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  10. Burns, A. 2015. Self(ie)-Discipline: Social Regulation as Enacted Through the Discussion of Photographic Practice. International Journal of Communication, 9, pp. 1716-1733.
  11. Butler, J. 1990. Gender Trouble. New York: Routledge.
  12. Casemajor, N., Toupin, S. (2018). The Mediality of Concealement: Material Practices and Symbolic Operativity. Intermédialités, 32, pp. 1-26.
  13. Chambers, D. 2013. Social Media and Personal Relationships. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  14. Charmaz, K. 2006. Constructing grounded theory. London: Sage.
  15. Crouch, M., McKenzie, H. 2006. The logic of small samples in interview-based qualitative research. Social Science Information, 45, pp. 483-499.
  16. — 2015. Postfeminist Digital Cultures. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  17. Döring, N., Reif, A., Peoschl, S. 2016. How gender stereotypical are selfies? A content analysis and comparison with magazine adverts. Computers in Human Behavior, 55, pp. 955-962.
  18. Drapeau, M. 2004. Les critères de scientificité en recherche qualitative. Pratiques Psychologiques, 10, 1, pp. 79-86.
  19. Eckel, J., Ruchatz, J., Wirth, S. 2018. The Selfie as Image (and) Practice: Approaching Digital Self-Photography. In Eckel, J., Ruchatz, J., Wirth, S. (editors). Exploring the Selfie. Historical, Theoretical, and Analytical Approaches to Digital Self-Photography. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan: 1-24.
  20. Eler, A. 2017. The Selfie Generation. New York: Skyhorse Publishing.
  21. Elias, A. S., Gill, R. 2018. Beauty surveillance: The self-monitoring cultures of neoliberalism. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 21, 1, pp. 59-77.
  22. Gioia, D. A. et al. (2013). Seeking Qualitative Rigor in Inductive Research: Notes on the Gioia Methodology. Organizational Research Methods, 16, 1, pp. 15-31.
  23. Goffman, E. 1959. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. N.Y.: Doubleday.
  24. Gunthert, A. 2015. La consécration du selfie. Une histoire culturelle. Études photographiques, 32. Retrieved on Aug. 29, 2019 at: http://journals.openedition.org/etudesphotographiques/3529.
  25. Hess, A. 2015. The Selfie Assemblage. International Journal of Communication, 9, pp. 1629-1646.
  26. Hourmant, F., Lancelette, M., Leroux, P. (eds.). 2019. Selfies et stars. Politique et culture de la célébrité en France et en Amérique du Nord. Rennes, Presses universitaires de Rennes.
  27. Humphreys, L. 2018. The Qualified Self. Cambridge (MA): MIT Press.
  28. Jenkins, H. 2008. Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. Updated ed. edition. New York, NY: NYU Press.
  29. Kennedy, J. 2012. Oversharing Is the Norm. In Dobson, A. S., Robards, B., and Carah, N. (ed.). Digital Intimate Publics and Social Media. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 265-280.
  30. Kuznekoff, J.H. 2013. Comparing Impression Management Strategies across Social Media Platforms. In Cunningham, C. (ed.), Social Networking and Impression Management. Lanham et al.: Lexington Books, pp. 18-36.
  31. Laestadius, L. 2017. Instagram. In Sloan, L., Quan-Haase, A. (eds.). The SAGE Handbook of Social Media Research Methods. London et al.: Sage, pp. 573-592.
  32. Latzko-Toth, G., Bonneau, C., Millette, M. 2017. Small Data, Thick Data: Thickening Strategies for Trace-based Social Media Research. In Sloan, L., Quan-Haase, A. (eds.). The SAGE Handbook of Social Media Research Methods. London et al.: Sage, pp. 199-214.
  33. Lobinger, K., Brantner, C. 2015. In the Eye of the Beholder: Subjectve Views on the Authenticity of Selfies. International Journal of Communication, 9, 2015: 1848-1860.
  34. Löwy, I. 2006). L’emprise du genre. Paris: La Dispute.
  35. Manovich, L. et al. s.d. Selfiecity – Findings. -- Retrieved on Aug. 26th, 2019 at: http://selfiecity.net/#findings.
  36. McRobbie, A. 2015. Notes on the Perfect. Competitive Femininity in Neoliberal Times. Australian Feminist Studies, 30, 83, pp. 3-20.
  37. Mills, J. S. et al. 2018. «Selfie» harm : Effects on mood and body image in young women. Body Image, 27, pp. 86-92.
  38. Miguel, C. 2018. Personal Relationships and Intimacy in the Age of Social Media. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.
  39. Murray, D.C. 2018. Selfie Consumerism in a Narcissistic Age. Consumption Markets & Culture, June, pp. 1-23.
  40. Ollier-Malaterre, A. 2018. La compétence numérique de gestion des frontières sur les réseaux sociaux: un capital culturel technologique à la Bourdieu. Lien social et Politiques, 81, pp. 121-137.
  41. Papacharissi, Z. (ed.). 2011. A Networked Self. New York: Routledge.
  42. Piazzesi, C., Blais, M., Belleau, H. 2020. Frontières de l’intimité conjugale et familiale: théorisation et applications empiriques. Enfances, familles, générations, 34 (in press).
  43. Rettberg, J. W. 2014. Seeing Ourselves Through Technology: How We Use Selfies, Blogs and Wearable Devices to See and Shape Ourselves. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  44. Rose, G. (2016). Visual Methodologies. London et al.: Sage.
  45. Rosenbaum, J.E. et al. 2013. «Looking the Part» and «Staying True”: Balancing Impression Management on Facebook. In Cunningham, C. (ed.), Social Networking and Impression Management. Lanham et al.: Lexington Books, pp. 37-61.
  46. Senft, T.M., Baym, N.K. 2015. What Does the Selfie Say? International Journal of Communication, 9, pp. 1588-1606.
  47. Stone, D. and Heen, S. 2014. Thanks for the Feedback: The Science and Art of Receiving Feedback Well. New York: Viking.
  48. Tiindeberg, K. 2018. Selfies. Why We Love (and Hate) Them. Bingley: Emerald Group.
  49. Tisseron, S. 2011. Intimité et extimité. Communications, 88(1), pp. 83-91.
  50. Wikipedia contributors. (2020). January 5. Facebook–Cambridge Analytica data scandal. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. January 8, 2020, -- https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Facebook%E2%80%93 Cambridge_Analytica_data_scandal&oldid=934188909.
  51. Wills, W., Dickinson, A., Meah, A., Short, F. 2016. Reflections on the Use of Visual Methods in a Qualitative Study of Domestic Kitchen Practices. Sociology, 50, 3, pp. 470-485.
  52. Winch, A. 2013. Girlfriends and Postfeminist Sisterhood. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  53. Zhao, S. and Zappavigna, M. 2018. Beyond the self: Intersubjectivity and the semiotic interpretation of the selfie. New Media and Society, 20, 5, pp. 1735-1754.

Chiara Piazzesi , Catherine Lavoie Mongrain, in "SOCIOLOGIA E POLITICHE SOCIALI" 3/2019, pp. 95-111, DOI:10.3280/SP2019-003005

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content