Lifelong learning (LLL) is increasingly considered to be one of the basic rights of citizenship, a lever for inclusion, for economic and social participation. As the Eu-ropean paradigm of active welfare state and its heir (i.e., the Social investment welfare state) affirm, this assumption is even more true in the context of the cur-rent socio-economic transformations and their related impacts on the individual’s life courses. To meet the related challenges, LLL is placed at the very centre of the activation policies, according to the learnfare rationale. However, this strategy reveals to have lights and shadows, which the article investigates on a theoretical level. In the conclusions the article proposes a renewed vision of the learnfare par-adigm, reframing it through the capability approach.
Keywords: Lifelong learning, activation policies, learnfare, capability approach