Historically criminology focused its attention on the offender and less on the victim. The development of victimology enhanced the study on different types of victims and on the role of the victim. However, in Italy - despite the attention paid to the victim by International Law - this person is still inadequately protected. Hence, the importance of criminal policy guidelines and legislative policy orientation to grant equal protection to the offender and to the victim, especially if the victim is a minor.
Keywords: Victim, minor victim, law to protect the victim, criminology, victimology.