Click here to download

Measuring Unemployment by Means of Official Data and Administrative Records: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives
Author/s: Marco Guerrazzi, Ilham Ksebi 
Year:  2019 Issue: 110 Language: English 
Pages:  33 Pg. 17-49 FullText PDF:  735 KB
DOI:  10.3280/QUA2019-110002
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

This paper addresses the measurement of unemployment in the Italian region-al context. Specifically, retrieving data from Tuscany, we compare the picture of unemployment that emerges by exploring official data and administrative records over the period after the burst of the Great Recession. Consistently with previous findings, we find that registered unemployment is higher, more persistent and more concentrated on women than its official measure. Nevertheless, we show that the cyclical behaviour of registered job seekers is similar to the one of official job seekers. Moreover, we provide a way to reconcile the two measures of unemploy-ment. Thereafter, we develop a model that provides a rationale for the coexistence of official and registered job seekers and we explore how it reacts to productivity shocks and its policy implications. Finally, we offer some insights about the desir-ability of an integrated use of these data.
Keywords: Unemployment; Official data; Administrative records; unconstructive search; Claimants in employment.

  1. Addabbo T., Garcia-Fernandez R., Llorca-Rodriguez C., Maccagnan A. (2011). The Impact of the Crisis on Unemployment and Household Income in Italy and Spain. Working Paper of the Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, No. 235.
  2. Allmendinger J., Hipp L., Stuth S. (2013). Atypical Employment in Europe 1996-2011. Discussion Paper of the WZB, No. 3.
  3. Alvarez F., Shimer R. (2011). Search and Rest Unemployment. Econometrica, 79(1): 75-122.
  4. Anastasia B, Gambuzza M., Rasera M. (2015). La varietà di fonti e di dati sull’occupazione: ricchezza informativa o ridondanza caotica? Osservatorio & Ricerca. Veneto Lavoro, September.
  5. Anastasia B., Disaro M. (2005). I disoccupati/utenti dei Centri per l’Impiego: le tracce della riforma nelle statistiche amministrative. In: Veneto Lavoro (eds.). Il mercato del lavoro nel Veneto: tendenze e politiche. Milan: FrancoAngeli.
  6. Antonioli D., Paolo P. (2014). Europe and Italy: Expansionary Austerity, Expansionary Precariousness and the Italian Jobs Act. Economic Working Paper, No. 153.
  7. Barbieri G., Di Bartolomeo G., Gennari P., Sestito P. (2000). Chi sono gli utenti dei Servizi per l’Impiego? Economic Working Paper in Labor and Demography, No. 0504011.
  8. Battistin E., Rettore E., Trivellato U. (2006). Choosing between Alternative Classification Criteria to Measure the Labour Force State. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society – Series A, 170(1): 5-27.
  9. Bertola G., Garibaldi P. (2003). The Structure and History of Italian Unemployment. CESifo Working Paper, No. 907.
  10. Biffil G. (1997). The Measurement of ‘True’ Unemployment in Austria. WIFO-Monatsberichte, 70(1): 41-50.
  11. Blanchard O., Giavazzi F. (2003). Macroeconomic Effects of Regulation and Deregulation in Goods and Labor Markets. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118(3): 879-907.
  12. Blanchard O., Summers L.H. (1986). Hysteresis and the European Unemployment Problem. NBER Macroeconomics Annual, Vol. 1. Cambridge Mass.: MIT Press, pp. 15-77.
  13. Burchard T., Le Grand J. (2002). Constraint and Opportunity: Identifying Voluntary Non-Employment. LSE STICERD Research Paper, No. CASE055.
  14. Brandolin A., Cipollone P., Viviano E. (2004). Does the ILO Definition Capture all Unemployment? Temi di Discussione della Banca d’Italia, No. 529.
  15. Budlender D. (2011). Beyond the Measurement of Unemployment and Underemployment: The Case for Extending and Amending Labour Market Statistics. Geneva: International Labour Office.
  16. Cardullo G., Guerrazzi M. (2016). The Cyclical Volatility of Equilibrium Unemployment and Vacancies: Evidence From Italy. Labour: The Review of Labour Economics and Industrial Relations, 30(4): 433-454.
  17. Catalano M., Pezzolla E. (2017). The Italian Labor Market Reform: An Evaluation of the Jobs Act Using the Prometeia DSGE Model. Italian Economic Journal, 3(2): 209-238.
  18. Chernyshev I. (2001). Improving Labour Statistics in Ukraine through the Integration of Employment and Unemployment Data from Different Sources. ILO Bulletin of Labour Statistics, 4.
  19. Cingano F., Torrini R., Viviano E. (2010). Il mercato del lavoro italiano durante la crisi. Occasional Paper of the Bank of Italy, No. 68.
  20. Coe D.T., Snower D.J. (1997). Policy Complementarities: The Case for Fundamental Labor Market Reform. Staff Papers of the International Monetary Fund, 44(1): 1-35.
  21. Cohen A., Forrier A.N., Sals L. (2011). Job Search Intensity and Wage Flexibility. Age & Society, 35(2): 346-366.
  22. Crepaldi C., Pesce F, Lodovici M.S. (2014). Social and Employment Situation in Italy. Note for the EMPL Committee, No. 518.757.
  23. Feng S., Hu Y. (2013). Misclassification Errors and the Underestimation of the US Unemployment Rate. American Economic Review, 103(2): 1054-70.
  24. Fenwick D., Denman J. (1996). The Monthly Claimant Unemployment Count: Change and Consistency. Labour Market Trends, 11: 397-400.
  25. Friedman M. (1968). The Role of Monetary Policy. American Economic Review, 58(1): 1-17.
  26. Galarneau D. (2005). Earnings of Temporary versus Permanent Employees. Perspectives – Statistics Canada, No. 75-001-XIE.
  27. Gil-Alana L.A., Jiang L. (2013). Unemployment in the US. Unemployment Rate versus Claimant Counts. Mean Reversion, Persistence or Hysteresis. Economics Bulletin, 33(3): 1978-1982.
  28. Guerrazzi M. (2012). Misurare la disoccupazione attraverso dati ufficiali e rilevazioni amministrative. Osservatorio ISFOL, 2(3): 11-28.
  29. Hazans M. (2008). LFS-Based and Registered Unemploymenr Rates: Why Do They Differ and Why Do We Need Both? Mimeo.
  30. Jones S.R.G, Riddel W.G. (1999). The Measurement of Unemployment: An Empirical Approach. Econometrica, 67(1): 147-161.
  31. Knight J.B., Xue J. (2006). How High is Urban Unemployment in China? Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, 4(2): 91-107.
  32. Konle-Seidl R., Lüdeke B. (2017). What Harmonized and Registered Unemployment Rates Do Not Tell. IAB Research Reports, No. 2017/6.
  33. Krause M.U., Lubik T.A. (2006). The Cyclical Upgrading of Labor and On-the-job Search. Labour Economics, 13(4): 459-477.
  34. Kyriacou G., Luoca M., Ktoris M. (2009). Unemployment in Cyprus: Comparison between Two Alternative Measurement Methods. Working Paper Series of the Central Bank of Cyprus, No. 2009-2.
  35. Lindbeck A., Snower D.J. (1989). The Insider-Outsider Theory of Employment and Unemployment. Cambridge (Mass.): MIT Press.
  36. Litra A.V. (2017). Harmonized Unemployment Versus Registered Unemployment. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov – Economic Series, 10(1): 177-184.
  37. Melis A., Lüdeke B. (2006). Registered Unemployment (RU) Compared with Harmonized Unemployed (LFS). Eurostat Working Papers and Studies, No. KS-CC-06-001.
  38. Oliveri L. (2009). Anagrafiche dei disoccupati: per sfoltirle occorre una dichiarazione agli enti socio-sanitari diversa da quelle rilasciate ai centri per l’impiego. Adapt Working Paper, No. 99.
  39. Olivieri E., Paccagnella M. (2012). Misure di lavoro disponibile inutilizzato: un confronto europeo. Politica Economica, 28(1): 103-129.
  40. Petrongolo B., Pissarides C. (2001). Looking into the Black Box: A Survey of the Matching Function. Journal of Economic Literature, 39(2): 390-431.
  41. Ping Y. (2015). Consistency of the Least Squares Estimator in Threshold Regression with Endogeneity. Economics Letters, 131(3): 41-46.
  42. Riedmann F., Fischer G. (2014). Undeclared Work in the European Union. Report of European Commission, No. 284.
  43. Riso S. (2010). Very Atypical Work: Exploratory Analysis of fourth European Working Conditions Survey. Background Paper of the Eurofound.
  44. Sestito P., Viviano E. (2016). Hiring Incentives and/or Firing Cost Reduction? Evaluating the Impact of the (2015) Policies on the Italian Labour Market. Bank of Italy Occasional Paper, No. 325.
  45. Summers L. H. (1982). Measuring Unemployment. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2(312): 609-620.
  46. Thomas R. (1998). ILO Unemployment and Registered Unemployment: a Case Study. Bulletin of Sociological Methodology, 5: 5-26.
  47. Trivellato U. (2003). Qualità dell’informazione statistica ufficiale e esigenze informative di regioni e città. Giornale del Sistan, 8(22): 10-19.
  48. Trivellato U. (2006). Trasformazioni del mercato del lavoro italiano, politiche del lavoro e disponibilità/fabbisogni informativi: un percorso a metà del guado. Economia e Società Regionale, 94(2): 5-28.
  49. Wang X., Sun W. (2014). Discrepancy between Registered and Actual Unemployment Rates in China: An Investigation in Provincial Capital Cities. China & World Economy, 22(4): 40-59.
  50. Zacher H. (2013). Older Job Seekers’ Job Search Intensity: The Interplay of Proactive Personality, Age and Occupational Future Time Perspective. Ageing & Society, 33(7): 1139-1166.

Marco Guerrazzi, Ilham Ksebi, in "QUADERNI DI ECONOMIA DEL LAVORO" 110/2019, pp. 17-49, DOI:10.3280/QUA2019-110002


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content