The Opera per l’assistenza ai profughi giuliani e dalmati (Oapgd) exercised a decisive role in the housing and working reintegration of those exiles in Italy. This institution had strong ties with the highest echelons of political and economic life, thanks to which it managed to develop solid construction programs in favor of the refugees' cause. This article investigates the main operational strategies of the Oapgd: from its programs at national scale, to the recomposition of the Eastern border through the construction of small settlements aimed at stabilizing the areas in which the Slovenian population constituted the majority. In both cases, the solutions responded to the needs of the Julian and Dalmatian élites to preserve cohesion within the community by adopting a selective criterion in the reception of refugees. The article also examines the political polarization of a part of the refugees community through two main topics of investiga-tion: the funding of the Ufficio per le zone di confine (Office of Border Areas under the Presidency of the Council of Ministers) in favor of the Opera and the links of the latter with the Associazione nazionale per la Venezia Giulia e Zara.
Keywords: Opera per l’assistenza ai profughi giuliani e dalmati, exiles, refugees’ cause, Ufficio per le zone di confine, political polarization, Associazione nazionale per la Venezia Giulia e Zara