The author develops, through her clinical experience, an interpretative framework on narcissism and on the Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) according to the model of semantic polarities of Ugazio (1998). First of all, she supports the difference between NPD and narcissism which is always inherent in the regulation of self-esteem and self-image, universal and specifically declined in the different familiar semantics. In the case of the NPD, the crucial semantic polarity is the one of power. The author identifies some constant features of the learning context.
Keywords: Narcissism; Narcissistic Personality Disorder; familiar semantics; narcissistic learning context; narcissism overt; narcissism covert.