The purpose of this text is to present phenomenon of educational poverty and social inequali-ty, through review of situation in Italy and Serbia. The text seeks to investigate elements of convergence and differentiation in the policies of the two countries examined. Also, it presents challenges and recommendations on how to tackle educational poverty and social inequality, focusing on successful education action (new teaching methods and cross-disciplinary ap-proaches) and transferring best practices, innovative approaches and participatory action learning methodology. Authors highlighted a comparison between educational poverty and early school leaving from education and training. The aim is to define the best practices in use in both countries and which could be the most useful and interesting themes to research for future progresses in the field of educational poverty protection. Through the analysis of the legal framework, strategic documents, international project, national initiatives and re-ports it’s obvious that great efforts are being made in Italy and Serbia, but the process of tackling educational poverty needs to continue and constantly improve.
Keywords: Educational poverty; social inequality; strategy; education; participative action learning.