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Difficoltà alessitimiche e funzionamento familiare in adolescenza: uno studio sui cluster familiari
Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Autori/Curatori: Mimma Tafà, Luca Cerniglia, Giulia Ballarotto, Eleonora Marzilli, Michela Di Trani, Michela Erriu, Silvia Cimino 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2020 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  19 P. 52-70 Dimensione file:  286 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2020-002003
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Numerosi studi hanno sottolineato l’importanza della capacità di identificare e descrivere le emozioni, come centrale rispetto al benessere psicologico in adolescenza. Sono pochi gli studi che hanno però indagato le difficoltà alessitimiche degli adolescenti, in relazione al funzionamento familiare. Nel presente studio gli autori si sono posti l’obiettivo di indagare le difficoltà alessitimiche di adolescenti appartenenti alla popolazione generale, in relazione al loro funzio-namento familiare, tenendo in considerazione il proprio rischio psicopatologico. Il campione era composto da N = 314 famiglie con adolescenti. Gli adolescenti hanno compilato alcuni questionari self-report per la valutazione delle difficoltà alessitimiche e del rischio psicopatologico e madri, padri e adolescenti hanno compilato un questionario per la valutazione del funzionamento familiare. Al fine di verificare la presenza di eventuali differenti funzionamenti familiari, gli autori hanno condotto una cluster analysis, identificando quattro profili distinti di funzionamento familiare. È stata poi condotta un’analisi di covarianza che ha evidenziato una maggiore somatizzazione e ostilità in adolescenti con famiglie che mostrano una minore coesione e flessibilità e maggiori livelli di ipercoinvolgimento, o disimpegno. Inoltre, gli adolescenti appartenenti a queste famiglie, riportavano maggiori difficoltà a descrivere le emozioni ed un pensiero maggiormente concreto.


Keywords: Adolescenza; funzionamento familiare; alessitimia; rischio psicopatologico

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Mimma Tafà, Luca Cerniglia, Giulia Ballarotto, Eleonora Marzilli, Michela Di Trani, Michela Erriu, Silvia Cimino, in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 2/2020, pp. 52-70, DOI:10.3280/PDS2020-002003

   

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