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Il gioco d’azzardo nelle adolescenti: analisi del comportamento e dei fattori di rischio attraverso la Gambling Behavior Scale-For Adolescents (GBS-A)
Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Autori/Curatori: Maria Anna Donati, Jessica Boncompagni, Adriana Iozzi, Caterina Primi 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2020 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  23 P. 97-119 Dimensione file:  447 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2020-002005
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Sebbene sia documentata una maggiore prevalenza del gioco d’azzardo nei ragazzi, tale comportamento sembra interessare sempre più le ragazze. Tuttavia sono relativamente pochi gli studi sulla specificità del gambling nelle adolescenti e mancano lavori di ricerca che abbiano utilizzato strumenti per il comportamento di gioco d’azzardo invarianti per genere. Scopo di questo lavoro era analizzare le caratteristiche del comportamento in adolescenti italiane (Studio 1) e testare un modello in cui sensation seeking e pensiero superstizioso, attraverso la media-zione delle distorsioni cognitive sul gioco d’azzardo, influenzano il comportamento problema-tico di gioco d’azzardo (Studio 2). Per realizzare tale scopo, è stata utilizzata la Gambling Be-havior Scale-For Adolescents, uno strumento che è risultato invariante per genere negli adole-scenti italiani e che permette di rilevare sia le caratteristiche comportamentali che i sintomi di comportamento problematico secondo il DSM-5. Al primo studio hanno partecipato 1527 ado-lescenti femmine (età: M = 15.86; DS = 1.81) ed al secondo 552 adolescenti femmine (età: M = 15.99; DS = 1.34). I risultati hanno confermato che le ragazze prediligono giochi di tipo non strategico, giocano prevalentemente con i familiari, ed intorno agli 11 anni conoscono il gioco d’azzardo. Il 7% delle giocatrici è a rischio di sviluppare problematiche e il 3% ha problemi di gioco. Il modello di mediazione ipotizzato è stato inoltre confermato. Tale modello può quindi essere considerato per la messa a punto di interventi di prevenzione genere-specifici.


Keywords: Gioco d’azzardo; genere femminile; invarianza di genere; Gambling Behavior Scale-For Adolescents (GBS-A); path analysis; prevenzione.

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Maria Anna Donati, Jessica Boncompagni, Adriana Iozzi, Caterina Primi, in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 2/2020, pp. 97-119, DOI:10.3280/PDS2020-002005

   

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