Click here to download

Volti, neuroni e mascherine
Author/s:  Giorgio Vallortigara 
Year:  2020 Issue: 33 Language: Italian 
Pages:  10 Pg. 102-111 FullText PDF:  295 KB
DOI:  10.3280/EDS2020-033011
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

Faces, neurons and face masks. The forced use of the face masks following the Covid-19 pandemic led to a generalized visual experience of partial occlusion of the faces. The event is used here as an excuse to discuss the brain mechanisms that govern the perceptual comple-tion of partially occluded objects, the recognition of faces and their phylogenetic and ontogenetic origins.
Keywords: Amodal completion, face recognition, face neurons, inferotemporal cortex.

  1. Bregman A.S. (1990). Auditory Scene Analysis: The Perceptual Organization of Sound. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  2. Buiatti M., Di Giorgio E., Piazza M., Polloni C., Menna G., Taddei F., Baldo E., Vallortigara G. (2019). A cortical route for face-like pattern processing in human newborns. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 116: 4625-4630.
  3. Di Giorgio E., Lunghi M., Simion F., Vallortigara G. (2016). Visual cues of motion that trigger animacy perception at birth: the case of self-propulsion. Developmental Science, online: 21 Feb.
  4. Di Giorgio E., Loveland J.L., Mayer U., Rosa-Salva O., Versace E., Vallortigara G. (2017). Filial responses as predisposed and learned preferences: Early attachment in chicks and babies. Behavioural Brain Research, 325: 90-104.
  5. Di Giorgio E., Frasnelli E., Rosa Salva O., Scattoni M.L., Puopolo M., Tosoni D., Simion F., Vallortigara G. (2016). Difference in Visual Social Predispositions Between Newborns at Low- and High-risk for Autism. Scientific Reports, 6: 26395.
  6. Gross C.G. (2002). Genealogy of the “Grandmother Cell”. Neuroscientist, 8: 512-518.
  7. Kanizsa G. (1979). Organization in vision. New York: Praeger. Italian edition entitled Grammatica del vedere [Grammar of vision]. Bologna: il Mulino, 1980.
  8. Kobatake E., Tanaka K. (1994). Neuronal selectivities to complex object features in the ventral visual pathway of the macaque cerebral cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology, 71: 856-67.
  9. Lorenzi E., Vallortigara G. (2020). Evolutionary and Neural Bases of the Sense of Animacy. In: Kaufman A., Call J., Kaufman J., Eds., The Cambridge Handbook of Animal Cognition. New York: Cambridge University Press, in press.
  10. Lorenzi E., Mayer U., Rosa-Salva O., Vallortigara G. (2017). Dynamic features of animate motion activate septal and preoptic areas in visually naïve chicks (Gallus gallus). Neuroscience, 354: 54-68.
  11. Mayer U., Rosa-Salva O., Loveland J.L., Vallortigara G. (2019). Selective response of the nucleus taeniae of the amygdala to a naturalistic social stimulus in visually naive domestic chicks. Scientific Reports, 9: 9849.
  12. Michotte A. (1946). La perception de la causalité. Paris: Vrin.
  13. Nakayama K., Shimojo S., Silverman G.H. (1989). Stereoscopic depth: its relation to image segmentation, grouping, and the recognition of occluded surfaces. Perception, 18: 55-68.
  14. Quiroga Q.R. (2018). Borges e la memoria. Viaggio nel cervello umano da Funes al neurone Jennifer Aniston. Trento: Erickson.
  15. Quiroga Q.R. (2020). Searching for the neural correlates of human intelligence. Current Biology, 30: R329-R339.
  16. Rosa-Salva O., Regolin L., Vallortigara G. (2010). Faces are special for chicks: Evidence for inborn domain-specific mechanisms underlying spontaneous preferences for face-like stimuli. Developmental Science, 13: 565-577.
  17. Rosa-Salva O., Grassi M., Lorenzi E., Regolin L. Vallortigara G. (2016). Spontaneous preference for visual cues of animacy in naïve domestic chicks: the case of speed changes. Cognition, Dec., 157: 49-60.
  18. Rosa-Salva O., Hernik M., Broseghini A., Vallortigara G. (2018). Visually-naïve chicks prefer agents that move as if constrained by a bilateral body-plan. Cognition, 173: 106-114.
  19. Rosa-Salva O., Di Giorgio E., Vallortigara G. (2017). Con gli occhi di un neonato. Le Scienze, Febbraio. (Italian edition of Scientific American; German translation in: Gehirn & Geist (Spektrum der Wissenshaft) Gespur fur Lebendiges (2017), 12: 68-73. Spanish translation: (2017). Con ojos de neonato. Mente & Cerebro, Julio/Agosto, 85: 52-58).
  20. Vallortigara G. (2012). Aristotle and the chicken: Animacy and the origins of beliefs. In: Fasolo A., a cura di, The Theory of Evolution and its Impact. New York: Springer, pp. 189-200.
  21. Vallortigara G., Regolin L., Marconato F. (2005). Visually inexperienced chicks exhibit a spontaneous preference for biological motion patterns. PLoS Biology, 3(7): 1312-1316 (e208).
  22. Versace E., Martinho-Truswel A., Kacelnik A., Vallortigara G. (2018). Priors in animal and artificial intelligence: Where does learning begin? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 22: 963-965.

Giorgio Vallortigara, in "EDUCAZIONE SENTIMENTALE" 33/2020, pp. 102-111, DOI:10.3280/EDS2020-033011


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content