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E-Government and human capital in the Italian Public Administration. A medium-term perspective
Journal Title: PRISMA Economia - Società - Lavoro 
Author/s: Nicola Matteucci 
Year:  2019 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  27 Pg. 31-57 FullText PDF:  437 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PRI2019-002003
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L’Italia è risalita nella classifica UE delle Agende Digitali (indice DESI), ma rimane in coda per l’e-government, dove presenta ancora forti criticità, specie per i servizi pubblici digitali. Perdurando la scarsità di dati micro e territoriali, questo lavoro sistematizza le principali evidenze aggregate, e le rilegge alla luce di vari filoni di let-teratura in modo trans-disciplinare. Da un lato, si conferma che il ritardo digitale della Pubblica Amministrazione (PA) italiana affonda in un peculiare mix di criticità istituzionali, tra cui cultura giuridica legalistica, caos normativo, instabilità poli-tica e clientele: questi fattori ostacolano le esigenze di chiarezza e semplificazione dei processi e di razionalizzazione del back-office presupposte dall’e-government. Dall’altro, ipotizziamo che anche le politiche del pubblico impiego e quelle di au-sterità (blocco del turnover della PA) abbiano giocato un crescente impatto negati-vo sulla quantità e qualità dell’offerta di servizi pubblici digitali. Esse sembrano aver creato un caso inedito di adozione tecnologica disgiunta dagli indispensabili investimenti nel capitale umano e organizzativo della PA (offerta di e-government inadeguata). Infine, il presente lavoro, nel demandare all’agenda futura l’ulteriore esplorazione di questo caso, ricorda il deficit statistico e di open Government data che affligge lo studio dell’Agenda Digitale del Paese.
Keywords: E-government, capitale umano, Pubblica Amministrazione, Agen-da Digitale, Italia

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Nicola Matteucci, E-Government and human capital in the Italian Public Administration. A medium-term perspective in "PRISMA Economia - Società - Lavoro" 2/2019, pp. 31-57, DOI:10.3280/PRI2019-002003

   

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