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Torture against migrants: A structural and global phenomenon, and its social roots
Titolo Rivista: WELFARE E ERGONOMIA 
Autori/Curatori: Fabio Perocco 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2020 Fascicolo: 2 Respingimenti e politiche di accoglienza orientate, bottom up, al riconoscimento delle vittime della violenza migratoria. Ignazia Bartholini (a cura di) Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  15 P. 50-64 Dimensione file:  211 KB
DOI:  10.3280/WE2020-002005
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


The article examines the relationship between torture and migration, highlighting how torture has become a structural element of the migratory experience in the majority of the world; sometimes torture is the cause for departure, it is a frequent experience along the migratory path, it is a reality that migrants are sometimes forced to confront in receiving countries. This is specifically the result of the convergence between the amplification of torture (the "torture crisis") and the worsening of the conditions of migration (the "war on migrants"). The article analyzes the different factors underlying these processes, highlighting that torture against migrants is a global phenomenon that has a close link with the tightening of migration policies, the three-fold process of precarization, illegalization and criminalization of migration, the escalation of racism, all elements that, together with some social processes of contemporary society - the securitization policies, the politics of fear, hyper-detention, the theories on the criminal law of the enemy - promote the production of contexts, environments, and situations permeable to torture.

L’articolo esamina la relazione tra tortura e migrazioni, evidenziando che in gran parte del mondo la tortura è divenuta un elemento strutturale dell’esperienza migratoria; la tortura è motivo di emigrazione, è un’esperienza frequente nel percorso migratorio, è una realtà non rara nei paesi di arrivo. Ciò è il risultato, tra i vari motivi, della convergenza tra l’amplificazione della tortura avvenuta negli ultimi decenni e il peggioramento delle condizioni della migrazione. L’articolo analizza i molteplici fattori alla base di questi processi, sottolineando che la tortura nei confronti degli immigrati è un fenomeno globale che ha un rapporto stretto con l’inasprimento delle politiche migratorie, il triplice processo di precarizzazione, clandestinizzazione e criminalizzazione delle migrazioni, l’acutizzazione del razzismo, tutti elementi che, insieme ad alcuni processi sociali della società contemporanea - il paradigma sicuritario, le politiche della paura, l’iper-detenzione, le teorie sulla legge penale del nemico - favoriscono la produzione di contesti, ambienti e situazioni permeabili alla tortura.
Keywords: Tortura; trattamento inumano; migranti; razzismo; sicuritarizzazione.

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Fabio Perocco, La tortura verso i migranti: un fenomeno strutturale e globale e le sue radici sociali in "WELFARE E ERGONOMIA" 2/2020, pp. 50-64, DOI:10.3280/WE2020-002005

   

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