Geographical indications (GI) refer to products with special characteristics, quality or reputation attributable to geographical origin, and are intellectual property. Therefore, by their nature, they are a marketing and protection tool for the denomination, and have the potential to trigger a virtuous circle of endogenous local economic development, involving all the local stakeholders. They offer an alternative to the rhetoric on SMEs being too small for the global markets, and foreign direct investment. Economic sustainability is a prejudice to all this and the FAO multiple case study by Vandecandelaere et al. (2018) adds a model and an analytical generalization to the existing quantitative meta-analyzes, which already highlight the positive contribution of GIs to food security, prices, incomes and quantities produced. The main policy recommendation is to promote GIs globally because, far from being protectionist tools, they favor the development of endogenous, sustainable and resilient food production systems, capable of contributing to local economic and entrepreneurial development, as well as safety and food quality.
Keywords: Geographical indications, sustainable agro-food systems, foreign direct investments, territorial resilience, endogenous growth, SMEs.