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COVID-19 and Migrations
Journal Title: MONDI MIGRANTI 
Author/s: Catherine Wihtol de Wenden 
Year:  2021 Issue: Language: French 
Pages:  8 Pg. 9-16 FullText PDF:  189 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MM2021-001001
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Coronavirus has claimed around 545,000 lives worldwide, an underestimated fi-gure, including 132,000 in the United States, 67,000 in Brazil, 44,000 in the Uni-ted Kingdom, 34,000 in Italy, 32,000 in Mexico and 30,000 in France, according to Agence France Presse. An important figure, undoubtedly underestimated, but definitely lower than the great pandemics of the past. Compared to other historical epidemics, the death toll is limited because the Black Death (40 million deaths between 1347 and 1352) and the Spanish flu (50 million between 1918 and 1919) had claimed many more victims. Its link with migration is due to frequent amal-gamations with the Other, whose refusal would be justified by the health risks due to its mobility and the borders it loses, as well as its poverty. In the past, the search for a foreign scapegoat was common: against Jews during the Black Death, beg-gars and the poor, then ragpickers, foreigners, seasonal workers during the cholera epidemic of 1832, the Spaniards during the so-called Spanish flu in 1918-1919. Today it is the Asians and above all the Chinese, but above all the foreigners, who have been the target of the rejection of the Other as in Hungary.
Keywords: International migrations; health; economy.

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Catherine Wihtol de Wenden, COVID-19 and Migrations in "MONDI MIGRANTI" 1/2021, pp. 9-16, DOI:10.3280/MM2021-001001


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