This essay criticizes theories which conceive of complicity in terms of causal, intentional contribution, or treat non-ideal circumstances as mitigating conditions. By contrast, the essay argues that complicity is a personal modality rooted in interdependence, which is a constitutive feature of human rational agency. Interdependence implicates us in a broad range of collective phenomena, including large scale harms. This diagnosis points out that we can rely on normative and practical resources for building new forms of shared agency. To this effect, moral principles should be reconceived as functional to practical rationality, rather than adapted and compromised to fit non-ideal conditions.
Keywords: Complicity, interdependence, collective agency, practical rationality